The Psychology of the courtroom
This volume presents comprehensive and integrative reviews that critically examine the psychological theory and research relevant to the courtroom trial. Chapters discuss either common courtroom roles involving defendant and victim, juror, jury, judge, and witness, or problems involving court procedures, methodological issues for research, and innovation in the courts. All are written by behavioral scientists who are or have been actively engaged in research in the area that they review, and all stress organizing and integrating existing work as well as identifying gaps in knowledge and important topics for future research. The volume fulfills a need for both integrative and broad-based summary and critical review of the expanding empirical literature that focuses on various courtroom participants and problems.
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Valerie P Hans and Neil Vidmar
Summary and Conclusion
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accuracy assess attitudes attorneys attractiveness authoritarian behavior bias biases Bray characteristics conviction court courtroom crime criminal cues Davis deception decision rule decision theory defendant defendant's discussion effects empirical encoding evidence examined example external validity extralegal eyewitness testimony faces facial factors guidelines guilt hypnosis identification influence innovation instructions issues Journal of Applied Journal of Experimental Journal of Personality judges judgments judicial jury instructions jury panel jury research jury selection justice Kalven Kaplan Kerr Law Review lawyers lineup Loftus memory methods Miller mock jurors nonadversary observers perception peremptory challenges Personality and Social polygraph prediction pretrial problem procedural justice procedural models Psychological Association Psychonomic Society questions rape recency effect recognition reported role Saks script sentences simulated jury Social Psychology socioeconomic status stimuli subjects suggested theory Thibaut tion United States Reports variables verdicts victim Vidmar vignettes voir dire witness Zeisel