Historical Encyclopedia of Natural and Mathematical Sciences, Volume 1 (Google eBook)

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Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 6, 2009 - Education - 5988 pages
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This milestone extensive work combines the essentials of history – biography, chronology, political and economic background – with the observations, theories, principles, laws and equations that constitute the specifics of science.

The 5800-page Encyclopedia arises from the conviction that the optimal perspective on science is through the lens of history, setting aside traditional divisions of discipline and specialty, and rising above geopolitical boundaries. Reaching from 4,200 BCE to the 21st century CE, the Encyclopedia relates (as the author himself puts it) "not only who did it and when it was done but also precisely what was done."

The author, Ari Ben-Menahem, surveys 100 generations of great thinkers, offering 2070 detailed biographies of scientists, engineers, explorers and inventors, who left their mark on the history of science and technology. The span of coverage is all-encompassing: mathematics, philosophy, logic, physical and environmental sciences (including physics, chemistry, astronomy, earth and space sciences and cosmology), life sciences (biology, medicine, physiology, botany, zoology and biochemistry), associated engineering disciplines, and the social sciences (among them economics, psychology, sociology, anthropology, linguistics and more).

The six-volume Encyclopedia also includes 380 articles summarizing the time-line of ideas in the leading fields of science, technology, mathematics and philosophy, plus useful tables, figures and photos, and 20 ‘Science Progress Reports’ detailing scientific setbacks. Interspersed throughout are quotations, gathered from the wit and wisdom of sages, savants and scholars throughout the ages from antiquity to modern times.

  

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Contents

KARL MARX
2050
CHARLES DARWIN
2199
DARWINISM AD ABSURDUM
2331
FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE 2433
2358
HENRI POINCARE
2505
THE LONG ARM OF THE ORTHODOXY OR DID MOSES WRITE THE TORAH?
2518
PreHominid species
2559
TESLA vs EDISON OR THE WAR OF THE CURRENTS
2640

Part I
5
Science Progress Reports
6
I SOCRATES
198
ARISTOTLE
228
A BRIEF HISTORY OF GEOMETRY
284
Do NOT TOUCH MY CIRCLES
305
Herophilos of Chalcedon 279 Euclid 280
308
CICERO
329
THE JULIAN CALENDAR
336
leucus of Babylon 323 Hypsicles of Alexandria 324 Andronicos
338
SENECA
343
THE SILENT CENTURY
356
Pedanios Dioscorides of Anazarba 357 Josephus Flavius
357
THE ASTROLOGERS
373
THE ORIGINS OF CHEMISTRY
393
HEBREW MATHEMATICS
408
PreLife
417
HISTORY OF BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE I ANCIENT TIME
433
ORIGINS OF THE EUROPEAN CIVILIZATION
446
THE EARTH BECOMES FLAT AGAIN
458
Slumber and Awakening 5291583 497
498
THE INQUISITION
596
XXI
604
XXII
658
V LEONARDO DA VINCI
735
THE CONQUISTADORS
763
THE RELIGIONS WARS
788
THE MARRANOS OR HOW PORTUGAL AND SPAIN SANK BACK INTO THE MIDDLE AGES
810
MICHEL DE MONTAIGNE
836
The Clockwork Universe 15831819 911
912
EPPUR SI MUOVE 963
922
VII FRANCIS BACON
958
JOHANNES KEPLER
982
BLAISE PASCAL
1043
BARUCH SPINOZA
1102
ISAAC NEWTON
1131
DAVID HUME
1263
LEONHARD EULER
1274
IMMANUEL KANT
1338
PlERRESlMON DE LAPLACE
1402
JOHANN WOLFGANG VON GOETHE
1437
CARL F GAUSS
1472
GEORG W F HEGEL
1580
ARTHUR SCHOPENHAUER
1648
General Bibliography
1666
Name Index
1673
Subject Index
1709
Abstraction and Unification 18201894 1733
1732
THE OXFORD MEETING 2208
1746
S0REN KIERKEGAARD
1979
LOUIS PASTEUR
1999
MAXIM GORKY
2682
SIGMUND FREUD
2694
General Bibliography
2717
Name Index
2725
Subject Index
2759
Colonization of Europe and Asia
2777
LOGIC SET THEORY FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS AND
2802
DAVID HILBERT
2803
MARTIN HEIDEGGER 3761
2806
THE PILTDOWN FORGERY OR THE WAR OF THE SKULLS
2820
ALBERT EINSTEIN 3029
2821
Part III
2992
ALFRED NORTH WHITEHEAD
3198
FRANZ KAFKA
3221
LUDWIG VON MlSES
3251
OR THE GREATEST SCIENTIFIC FRAUD OF ALL TIME
3256
WORLDWAR I THE INAUGURATION OF CHEMICAL WARFARE
3297
DARCY THOMPSON
3374
OSWALD SPENGLER
3449
LUDWIG WITTGENSTEIN
3548
NORBERT WIENER
3558
LEO SZILARD
3594
ERWIN SCHRODINGER
3653
ORTEGA Y GASSET
3835
PAUL VALERY
3958
General Bibliography
3961
Name Index
3967
Subject Index
4015
Demise of the Dogmatic Universe
4070
HANS JONAS
4184
THE BOOKBURNERS
4249
RAINER MARIA RILKE
4289
PSEUDOSCIENCE ANTISCIENCE NONSCIENCE POSTMODERNISM SCIENTIFIC ILLITERACY AND SUPERSTITION OR THE ABSENCE O...
4299
EMILE CIORAN
4314
LEO STRAUSS
4393
ALLAN BLOOM
4394
MARTYR OF GENETICS
4514
WORLDWAR II
4537
FROM THE CROSS TO THE SWASTIKA
4557
THE GAS CENTRIFUGE STORY OR STEALING THE FIRE
4643
CLAUDE LEVISTRAUSS
4694
ERIC HOFFER
4695
MARSHAL MCLUHAN
4700
RICHARD FEYNMAN
4880
THE GREAT SOVIET ENCYCLOPEDIA
4945
Deep Principles Complex Structures
5082
DISCRETE MATHEMATICS AND THE UBIQUITOUS ALGORITHM
5092
MATERIAL SCIENCE
5098
Appendices
5487
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