Our own time: a history of American labor and the working day
Our Own Time provides the first full account of the movement to shorten the working day in the United States. Combining the narrative and trade union emphasis of traditional labor history with the focus on culture and the labor process characteristic of contemporary labor history, the book offers an illuminating reinterpretation of the history of the U.S. labor movement from the colonial period onward. The authors argue that the length of the working day or week historically has been the central issue raised by the American labor movement during its most vigorous periods of organization. Beginning with a picture of working hours in colonial America and the early republic, Roediger and Foner then analyze the ideology of the movement for a ten-hour workday in the early nineteenth century. They demonstrate that the ten-hour issue was a key to the dynamism of the Jacksonian labor movement as well as to the unity of male artisans and female factory workers in the 1840s. The authors proceed to examine the subsequent demands for an eight-hour day, which helped to produce the mass labor struggles of the late nineteenth century and established the American Federation of Labor as the dominant force in American trade unionism. Chapters on labor movement defeats following World War I, on the depression years, and on the lack of progress over the last half-century complete the study. Our Own Time will be an ideal supplemental text for courses in U.S. labor and economic history.
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Shorter Hours and the Transformation of American Labor
The Working Day
Trade Unionism Hours and WorkersControl in the
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action Adamson Act advocates agitation Albert Parsons American Labor April August bill Boston Cahill campaign capitalist carpenters Chicago child labor committee Commons and Associates convention craft December Documentary History early eight eight-hour day eight-hour demand Eight-Hour League eight-hour movement employers factory federal Fincher's Trades five-day week Foner Ford FOTLU Gompers Haymarket hours issue hours of labor immigrants Industrial Worker journeymen July June Knights of Labor Labor History Labor Laws Labor Movement Labor Reform leaders legislation leisure long hours Lowell Lowell Offering manufacturing March Massachusetts McNeill Mechanics mills Montgomery National October organization overtime party percent Philadelphia political Powderly production protest Radical reduction Report Republican September shorter day shorter hours shorter working day six-hour Social Socialist Steward strikers struggles ten-hour day textile thirty-hour tion trade union twelve-hour day U.S. Steel unionists United unskilled Voice of Industry wages William Sylvis women workweek WTUL York City