Greek Mythography in the Roman World
Oxford University Press, Aug 6, 2004 - History - 368 pages
By the Roman age the traditional stories of Greek myth had long since ceased to reflect popular culture. Mythology had become instead a central element in elite culture. If one did not know the stories one would not understand most of the allusions in the poets and orators, classics and contemporaries alike; nor would one be able to identify the scenes represented on the mosaic floors and wall paintings in your cultivated friends' houses, or on the silverware on their tables at dinner. Mythology was no longer imbibed in the nursery; nor could it be simply picked up from the often oblique allusions in the classics. It had to be learned in school, as illustrated by the extraordinary amount of elementary mythological information in the many surviving ancient commentaries on the classics, notably Servius, who offers a mythical story for almost every person, place, and even plant Vergil mentions. Commentators used the classics as pegs on which to hang stories they thought their students should know. A surprisingly large number of mythographic treatises survive from the early empire, and many papyrus fragments from lost works prove that they were in common use. In addition, author Alan Cameron identifies a hitherto unrecognized type of aid to the reading of Greek and Latin classical and classicizing texts--what might be called mythographic companions to learned poets such as Aratus, Callimachus, Vergil, and Ovid, complete with source references. Much of this book is devoted to an analysis of the importance evidently attached to citing classical sources for mythical stories, the clearest proof that they were now a part of learned culture. So central were these source references that the more unscrupulous faked them, sometimes on the grand scale.
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Chapter 1 An Anonymous Ancient Commentary on Ovids Metamorphoses?
Chapter 2 The Greek Sources of Hyginus and Narrator
Chapter 3 Mythological Summaries and Companions
Chapter 4 Narrator and His Greek Predecessors
Chapter 5 Historiae and Source References
Chapter 6 Bogus Citations
Chapter 7 Myth in the Margins
Chapter 8 Mythographus Vergilianus
Chapter 11 Conclusion
Appendix 1 Lactantius Placidus
Appendix 2 Three Versions of Hyginus
Appendix 3 The Text of the Narrationes
Appendix 4 Marginal Source Citations in Parthenius and Antoninus Liberalis
Appendix 5 Source Citations in the Origo Gentis Romanae
Appendix 6 Anonymus Florentinus
Chapter 9 Myth and Society
Chapter 10 The Roman Poets
Achilles Acusilaus Aetia allusions ancient Anonymus Antoninus Liberalis Apollo Apollodorus Apollonius Aratus Callimachean Callimachus catasterism century chapter citations cited claim classical commentary copied daughter derive Didymus Diegeseis dihghvsei Dionysus Donatus earlier early Epic Euphorion Euripides example excerpts Fabulae fact FGrH fragments Greek sources Hellenistic Heracles Hesiod History Homer Hyginus Hyginus’s identified iJstoriva illustration Jacoby Lactantius late antique later Latin learned Lightfoot 1999 lines literary Lycophron Macrobius manuscripts margins mention Metamorphoses myth mythical mythographic notes mythological Narrationes narrative Narrator Narrator’s Nicander original otherwise unknown Ovid Ovid’s Ovidian Oxford papyrus parallel paraphrase Parthenius passage Pausanias Peisandros Phanocles Pherecydes Plutarch poem poets Ps-Apollodorus Ps-Eratosthenes Ps-Plutarch Ps-Probus Ptolemy quoted readers Roman Schol scholars scholia scholiast scholion Servius Servius’s simply source references Statius story summary surviving th;n Theocritus tion tradition transformation translation Trojan Varro Vergil writers Zeus