Revitalizing America's Cities: Neighborhood Reinvestment and Displacement

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SUNY Press, 1983 - Political Science - 184 pages
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In many American cities, middle and upper income people are moving into neighborhoods that had previously suffered disinvestment and decay. The new residents renovate housing, stimulate business, and contribute to the tax base. These benefits of neighborhood revitalization are, in some cases, achieved at a potentially serious cost: the displacement of existing neighborhood residents by eviction, condominium conversion, or as a result of rent increases.

Revitalizing America’s Cities investigates the reasons why the affluent move into revitalizing inner-city neighborhoods and the ways in which the new residents benefit the city. It also examines the resulting displaced households. Data are presented on displacement in nine revitalizing neighborhoods of five cities — the most comprehensive survey of displaced households conducted to date. The study reveals characteristics of displaced households and hardships encountered as a result of being forced from their homes.

Also featured is an examination of federal, state, and local policies toward neighborhood reinvestment and displacement, including various alternative approaches for dealing with this issue.
  

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Contents

The Setting for Urban Neighborhood Reinvestment
1
Neighborhood Revitalization
9
Displacement
46
Methodology and Description of Study Areas
60
Results of the Displacement Study
103
A Probit Model for the Analysis of Displacement
120
Neighborhood Reinvestment Displacement and Public Policy
133
Survey Questionnaire and Cover Letter
143
A Note on Nonresponse Bias
153
Maps of Survey Neighborhoods
155
Survey Results by Summary Categories of Reasons for Moving
161
Notes
164
Index
179
Copyright

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About the author (1983)

Michael H. Schill formerly directed a study of neighborhood reinvestment and displacement at the Princeton Urban and Regional Research Center, Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University. A Princeton graduate and former Research Assistant, he is presently completing his law degree at Yale Law School.

Richard P. Nathan is Professor of Public and International Affairs and Director, Princeton Urban and Regional Research Center, The Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University.

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