Servants and gentlewomen to the golden land: the emigration of single women from Britain to Southern Africa, 1820-1939
Too often, the emigration of women has been treated as an adjunct to that of men, especially in the case of families travelling together. In significant ways, however, the emigration of single women from Britain in the 19th and early 20th centuries was distinct from the general movement. It was rooted, in the main, in those features of British society peculiar to their sex, and also in conditions in the colonies that made the venture possible for them.
What factors would cause a woman to leave all she has known for the uncertainty and danger of a 'wild' colony half a world away? How did these women adapt to the unique circumstances of life in southern Africa? These are some of the questions addressed by the author, herself the daughter of an emigrant couple, in this fascinating book. The author not only explores the larger issues of single women's emigration to southern Africa, but also presents the compelling experiences of individual women, as seen through documents by them and people who knew them.
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Afrikaner arrival assisted passages Beatrice Hicks became believed Bishop Boer Britain British Kaffraria British women BWEA BWEA Correspondence File camps Cape Colony Cape Town children's nurses CLEC committee daughters demand despite difficulties domestic servants domestic service Durban Eastern Cape emigrated to South Emigration Commission emigration of single emigration of women employers employment England English especially farm Female Emigration FMCES girls governesses Graaff-Reinet Grahamstown gration Herbert Ibid immigration Johannesburg Journal Joyce labour large number later letters Lilian London Lowth marriage married matrons middle-class women mother mother's help Natal nineteenth century number of women Orange River Colony organisations Pietermaritzburg Port Elizabeth problems recruited Report SACS scheme second Anglo-Boer selection sent settlers single women Sister Henrietta SOSBW South Africa teachers territory tion Transvaal United Kingdom white servants wives woman women from Britain women's emigration societies wrote