The Work of Reconstruction: From Slave to Wage Laborer in South Carolina 1860-1870
With the abolition of slavery in the American South, the largest slave population in the hemisphere gained independence from institutional powers that had absorbed its social being into masters' and mistresses' households. Ex-slaves seized emancipation as the occasion to reclaim their persons and their labor, precipitating a social movement that linked immediate relations, family, kinship, community, labor-sharing, and mutual aid to arenas of political action. This book explores from the vantage of the South Carolina countryside the upheavals in daily life that underlay broad social transformations engendered by emancipation and the fashioning of wage relations. Going beyond current discussions about the meaning of freedom for former slaves, it offers a portrait of freedpeople's actual social life that sheds light on their new relations with yeomen Republican allies. Ex-slave's projects of "grass-roots reconstruction" were a dual struggle to blunt new coercions embedded in terms of postbellum employment, and to elude the personal domination of the old order. Freedmen and -women gradually mounted public and collective repudiations of the reasoning that had supported their owners' rights to command human property. At the same time, they challenged emergent claims that subjection to landowners' management and to the discipline of an abstract market constituted freedom.
Freedom Versus Freedom Competing Visions of Emancipation
Twilight of Slavery Dawn of Freedom
Rebels and Rebels in Disguise
A Measure of Freedom Plantation Workers and the Wartime Introduction of Wage Labor in Port Royal
Inducing Wage Labor behind Federal Lines
A Dollar a Task
As Hard Times as They Has See with the Rebel
Holding onto Land and Time in the Low Country
Seasonalization of Agricultural Employment
The Work of Reconstruction
Why Cant We Be Friends?
Theres a Meeting Here Tonight
A Perfect System?
On Duty in the League
We the Laboring Men out of Doors
13 March 2d Military District Abbeville acres AFIC Allen Diary antebellum Beaufort Beecher Bureau agent Charleston Daily Courier Civil Affairs claims Confederate contracts corn cotton crop cultivation E. W. Everson Edisto Island emancipation employers Everson ex-slaves federal Field Office Records Foner former slaves free labor freed Freedmen and Civil Freedmen's Bureau freedpeople H. W. Smith harvest Helena Hilton Head Island household ibid James July KKK Testimony landowners Letters and Reports Letters Received March negroes neighborhood Northern O. O. Howard Orangeburg organization plantation planters planting political Port Royal postwar R. K. Scott Reconstruction refugees Relating to Freedmen Reports Received Relating Republican resident rice River Rufus Saxton Saxton Scott to O. O. sea islands Sept share Sherman slaveowners slavery slaves social South Carolina Subordinate Field Office task tion vote voters Wadmalaw islands wage labor wartime William F workers
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