Polis and Revolution: Responding to Oligarchy in Classical Athens
During the turbulent last years of the fifth century BC, Athens twice suffered the overthrow of democracy and the subsequent establishment of oligarchic regimes. In an in-depth treatment of both political revolutions, Julia Shear examines how the Athenians responded to these events, at the level both of the individual and of the corporate group. Interdisciplinary in approach, this account brings epigraphical and archaeological evidence to bear on a discussion which until now has largely been based on texts. Dr Shear particularly focuses on the recreation of democracy and the city, both ritually and physically, in the aftermath of the coups and demonstrates that, whilst reconciliation after civil strife is difficult and contentious, it is also crucial for rebuilding a united society. Theories of remembering and forgetting are applied and offer a new way of understanding the dynamics in Athens at this time.
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chapter 2 Revolution oligarchy and the patrios politeia
democracy and the law
the demos and the city
rituals and the demos
chapter 6 The Thirty and the law
chapter 7 Reconciling the Athenians
documents and the law
actions Agora Aischin Akropolis anagrapheis Andok Andokides Andrewes and Dover archon Arist Athenaion Politeia Athenians Athens Boedromion boule Bouleuterion chapter citizens City Dionysia city’s city’s laws city’s past clause constitution context contrast created decree democracy democratic city Demophantos demos Dionysia display documents Drakon’s law dynamics earlier ekklesia Eleusis emphasised erected Euagoras evidence Five Thousand focus focused Four Hundred fragments further Gomme honorands honours IG i3 IG ii2 important inscribed inscriptions Kleisthenes Konon Lysias memory monuments Neoptolemos Nikomachos oath ofthe oligarchs Osborne Ostwald P. J. Rhodes patrios politeia Peiraieus Peisandros Philoktetes Phrynichos preserved reconciliation agreement reinforced remember responding to oligarchy responses returning from Phyle rituals rule sacrifice sacrificial calendar sanctuary SEG xxviii Shear space Spartans specific stasis statues stelai stele Stoa Basileios Stoa Poikile strategies suggests swearing Theozotides Theramenes Thirty Thirty’s Thrasyboulos Thuc Thucydides Todd Tyrannicides tyrant Xenophon