Beyond the Essene Hypothesis: The Parting of the Ways Between Qumran and Enochic Judaism (Google eBook)

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Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, Mar 30, 1998 - Religion - 230 pages
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Respected scholar Gabriele Boccaccini here offers readers a new and challenging view of the ideology of the Qumran sect, the community closely related with the Dead Sea Scrolls. Boccaccini moves beyond the Essene hypothesis and posits a unique relationship between what he terms "Enochic Judaism" and the group traditionally known as the Essenes.

Building his case on what the ancient records tell us about the Essenes and on a systematic analysis of the documents found at Qumran, Boccaccini argues that the literature betrays the core of an ancient and distinct variety of Second Temple Judaism. Tracing the development of this tradition, Boccaccini shows that the Essene community at Qumran was really the offspring of the Enochic party, which in turn contributed to the birth of parties led by John the Baptist and Jesus. Convincingly argued, this work will surely spark fresh debate in the discussion on the Qumran community and their famous writings.
  

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Contents

Introduction Beyond the Essene Hypothesis
1
Historiographical Analysis and Systemic Analysis
8
Moving Forward From the Essene Hypothesis to the EnochicEssene Hypothesis
11
HISTORIOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS
19
The Essenes in Ancient Historiography
21
Location Extent and Antiquity of the Essenes
22
Communal Ownership
31
Marriage and Celibacy
38
Enochie Documents Unknown at Qumran or Enoch vs Qumran
131
Sectarian Documents in Context or Qumran vs Enoch
150
Missing Texts II Sectarian Documents outside Qumran
156
Summary A Bifurcation in the Chain of Enochic Documents
160
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
163
Conclusion The EnochicEssene Hypothesis
165
Common Roots Both Moses and Enoch
166
Common Ideology Rejection of Individual Predestination
170

Summary The Palestinian Communitlies and the Community of the Dead Sea
46
SYSTEMIC ANALYSIS
51
The Prehistory of the Sect
53
The Sectarian Texts of the Community of the Dead Sea Scrolls
59
PreMaccabean Texts in the Qumran Library Enochic and Zadokite Documents
68
The Formative Age
81
The Book of Jubilees
86
The Temple Scroll 11QT
98
The ProtoEpistle of Enoch Including the Apocalypse of Weeks
104
The Halakhic Letter 4QMMT
113
The Schism between Qumran and Enochic Judaism
119
Missing Texts I Sectarian Censorship
129
Common Sociology Diverse People Yet Not Set Apart
178
A Composite Picture of the EnochicEssene Movement
185
Summary The EnochicEssene Hypothesis and Its Implications
191
The Dead Sea Scrolls and Second Temple Judaism
197
General Introductions to the History and Religion of Second Temple Judaism
199
Studies on the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha
204
Studies on the Dead Sea Scrolls
208
Index of Main Subjects
219
Index of Ancient Sources
223
Index of Modern Interpreters
226
Copyright

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About the author (1998)

Gabriele Boccaccini is professor of Second Temple Judaism and Christian origins at the University of Michigan and director of the Enoch Seminar, a biennial international conference on the Enoch literature.

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