Sociocultural Identity and Self Conceptualizations of Mexican Transnational Entrepreneurs (MTNE) in San Antonio, Texas

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ProQuest, 2008 - 221 pages
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The flow of people, goods, money, and culture has always existed between San Antonio and Mexico. Today, thanks to cutting edge technologies, faster communication and transportation systems, and political and economic agreements between countries, the strength and frequency of these flows is unprecedented. Such is the case of Mexican Transnational Entrepreneurs (MTNE) in San Antonio, Texas, who negotiate and build transnational identities between Mexico and San Antonio. Emerging migration patterns of affluent Mexicans include group members who do not physically or emotionally abandon Mexico, instead, they remain, psychologically, physically, and emotionally connected to Mexico. The present study identifies this phenomenon and new form of Mexican nationalism as XXI Century Mexican Transnationalism; transnational ties between both countries are redefining the local contexts of both San Antonio and Mexico. Affluent networks of Mexican nationals represent emerging patterns of Mexican immigration to San Antonio, Texas. In contrast to classic conceptualizations of immigrant adaptation as unidirectional process, contemporary Mexican transnational entrepreneurs in this city suggest deeper and broader social, cultural, economic, and symbolic connotations across national borders. Mexican transnational entrepreneurship in San Antonio represents a socio-cultural phenomenon that has not been well researched. This study utilizes a mixed methods research design that combines quantitative and qualitative approaches. This design helps describe and understand the community of MTNEs drawing on a sociocultural identity framework. Findings suggest that in San Antonio, local culture regulates people's behavior. Even though there is appreciation and high esteem toward Mexican culture in this city---due to historical ties and convergence of interests---the rules of social and business interaction in San Antonio diverge drastically to those social and business interactions from Mexico. Ethnic networking among MTNEs revealed to be a useful strategy to become acquainted with the new setting. The precise way in which Mexican entrepreneurs' capital and power interact in a transnational context varies depending on income, immigration date, reason for immigration, business orientation, and business and home ownership location. MTNEs' experience in San Antonio is composed of very heterogeneous groups. These groups share---at different levels---a new form of Mexican national identity.
  

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Contents

REVIEW OF THE LITEARATURE
9
Chronology of the Construction of Mexican Identity
41
RESEARCH DESIGN QUALITATIVE STUDY METHODS AND FINDINGS
46
Participants demographic Data Summary
50
MTNE Capital and Power Operationalization
54
Mexmont types of people
56
Mexmont San Antonio and National Demographics
57
Mexmont Residents City of Origin
58
Descriptors and Frequencies Mexicano group
127
Collapsed Categories
128
Response Frequencies
129
Frequency for Hispano group
130
Frequency for Mexicano group
131
Salience for Hispano group
132
Ttest Chi Square 13
136
INTERPRETATION REFLEXION AND FUTURE RESEARCH
143

City of Origin investments
59
QUANTITATIVE STUDY DESIGN METHODS AND FINDINGS
124
Ethnic group category
126
Appendix A Participants Portraits
160
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