A Cultural History of Medical Vitalism in Enlightenment Montpellier
"From the 1740s physicians working in the University of Medicine of Montpellier began to contest Descartes's dualist concept of the body-machine that was being championed by leading Parisian medical "mechanists". In place of the body-machine perspective that sought laws universally valid for all phenomena, the vitalists postulated a distinction between living and other matter, offering a holistic understanding of the physical-moral relation in place of mind-body dualism. Their medicine was not based on mathematics and the unity of the sciences, but on observation of the individual patient and the harmonious activities of the "body-economy"."--BOOK JACKET.
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