Georg Friederici's "Scalping and Similar Warfare Customs in America" with a Critical Introduction
ProQuest, 2008 - 242 pages
Georg Friederici's "Skalpieren und ahnliche Kriegsgebrauche in Amerika" was published in 1906. It is a meticulously researched monograph that details the linguistic origins of the word "scalp," the history of scalping, and the geographical propagation of scalping and related customs in the Americas. In addition, Friederici analyzes the effect that the white settlers of America had on the Native American practice of scalping and presents his theory that the scalping custom developed from head trophies. This work has never been published in English apart from a sixteen page abstract printed in the Smithsonian Annual Report. My translation makes this work accessible to historians, ethnographers, anthropologists, and sociologists who do not have knowledge of German. It provides English readers with an appreciation of the scholarly perspective on the subject of scalping. Moreover, it affords an interesting viewpoint on German fascination with early America and the practices of Native Americans.
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Linguistics and history
Geographical and historical distribution of the scalping practice
Further spread and development of the scalping custom
Pure head trophies
Skin removal musical instruments teeth trophies bone pieces
The origin of headtrophies and scalps
Adam von Bremen Algonquians Amer ancestor worship Anthropol Araucanians Athabaskan Aztecs Bancroft barbaric Beothuks body bones Brazil California captive Catlin century ceremonial Chaco Charlevoix Clark Coll colonies Coreal custom of scalping dead Dodge Drake écus enemy England English Eskimos Ethnol ethnology Europeans expedition French Friederici German Gomara Guyana hair head trophies headhunters Heckewelder Herrera Hist History human hunting idem Incan empire Inédit Iroquois Jesuit Relations Jívaro Kate knives language Laudonnière London Margry Mexico Mooney Narrative Native Americans North America Orozco y Berra Oviedo Oviedo y Valdés palizada Parkman passim Pequot War Perrin du Lac practiced scalping primitive Québec region Reise Report Revista Trimensal Roosevelt scalp bounties scalp hunters scalping knife scalplock Scythians Skalpieren skin skull trophies slain slave Smith Arber South Spaniards stone Thevet Timucua Torquemada Trans translation Translator’s note tribes victory Voyages warrior Washington Wild Indians word scalp