Between East and West: The Moluccas and the Traffic in Spices Up to the Arrival of Europeans (Google eBook)
Up to & including the Age of Discoveries, the wealth of the East was thought in Europe to consist primarily of spices & aromatics. Cloves, nutmeg, mace, & sandalwood all were thought to come from a few small islands in easternmost Indonesia, which no European reached before 1500. Yet supplies of these luxury products were reaching China, India, western Asia, & the Mediterranean lands more than a thousand years earlier. This study of Moluccan spices opens with their natural history & nomenclature, & the discovery of the Islands by Europeans near the opposing (& controversial) limits of Spanish & Portuguese jurisdiction. Donkin traces the expanding interest & long-distance trade in cloves, nutmeg, & sandalwood, first to India & then to the adjacent Arabo-Persian world. The medieval West & China lay on the margins of diffusion, the former in touch with the Levant, the latter with the trading world of South East Asia.
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al-Biruni al-Kindi Alexandria ancient Arab archipelago aromatic Asian Banabhatta Banda Barbosa Buddhism Burkill Cambridge camphor candana caryophyllon Chau Ju-kua China Chinese cinnamon clove tree cloves cloves and nutmeg Coedes Cortesao dictionary Dravidian Dutch early eastern Edited and translated English Europe Europeans Fa-hsien Ferrand trans fifteenth century Figure Flora fragrans Fu-nan Hakluyt Society History Ibid Ibn Battuta Ibn Masawaih Indies Indonesia inscriptions islands Java Javanese Journal Kalidasa Kautiliya language lavanga lawang Levey London Malacca Malay peninsula Malaya materia medica medicine medieval merchants Middle Moluccan spices Moluccas Myristica nutmeg Oriental Orta Oxford Paris perfume Periplus Persian Pigafetta Pires plants ports Portuguese probably reference Rockhill Royal Asiatic Society Rumphius sandal Sanskrit Santalum album scented Schafer ships South East Asia southern India species Sri Lanka Sri Vijaya Sumatra Tamil Tibbetts trans Timor Tome Pires trade tury Varthema vols voyage West western Wheatley Wolters
Page 185 - Every page of the work is barbed with wit, and will make its way point foremost provides entertainment for the most diverse tastes."— Daily Neva. Drury (Col. H.) The Useful Plants of India, With Notices of their chief value in Commerce, Medicine, and the Arts. By COLONEL HEBER DRURY.
Page 22 - In this island also are white mice, exceeding beau-tiful. There also are trees producing cloves, which, when they are in flower, emit an odour so pungent that they kill every man who cometh among them, unless he shut his mouth and nostrils.
Page 187 - RELATIONS DE VOYAGES ET TEXTES GÉOGRAPHIQUES ARABES, PERSANS ET TURKS RELATIFS A L'EXTRÊME-ORIENT DU VIII* AU XVHr1 SIÈCLES.
Page 202 - Histoire Diplomatique du Chevalier Portugais Martin Behaim de Nuremberg avec la description de son globe terrestre par M. Christophe Théophyle de Murr, traduite de Fallemand par le citoyen H. Jansen".
Page 113 - Serta recepturus cum Cesar venit in Urbem, 260 Exultat pompis inclita Roma novis. Ad Petri devenit eques venerabile templum, Quo pater antistes preredimitus erat. Balsama, thus, aloe, miristica, cinnama, nardus 264 Regibus assuetus, ambra modestus odor, Per vicos, per tecta fragrant redolentque per urbem ; Thuris aromatici spirat ubique rogus ; Vestit odora viam mirtus sociata dianthis; 268 Luxuriant croceis lilia iuncta rosis W.
Page 118 - Schulte, Geschichte des mittelalterlichen Handels und Verkehrs zwischen Westdeutschland und Italien, Leipzig, 1900, 2 vols.
Page 25 - ... island are Pagans, and are good people. Their colour is more white than otherwise. Their dress consists of a cotton shirt, and some go clothed in camelots. Some wear red caps. In this island justice is strictly administered, and every year a very great quantity of camphor is shipped, which they say grows there, and which is the gum of a tree. If it be so, I have not seen it, and therefore I do not affirm it.
Page 37 - Te. cddu to rub into a paste ; sb. a beauty spot (of paste). Here the Dravidian word for sandal is quite clearly seen to be native since it is etymologically connected with other words meaning ' to rub into a paste ', and the specific meaning ' sandal ' has developed out of a more general meaning.1 Many similar examples can be quoted.