Ironwood, Hurley, and the Gogebic Range
Situated on the south shore of Lake Superior, the Gogebic Iron Range of Michigan and Wisconsin exudes a strong sense of place. During the 1880s, a mining boom lured settlers, investment, and controversy. Investors from Milwaukee, Chicago, and Cleveland hoped to become rich, but many were pulled into scams or poorly managed mines and ended up losing their money. After iron stocks crashed, mining investors were more cautious. Many mining locations were abandoned, but towns such as Ironwood, Bessemer, Wakefield, and Hurley grew. For over 80 years, iron mining gave the Gogebic Range distinctive ethnicity and settlement patterns resulting in its unique cultural landscapes. The physical setting enhances the drama of the Gogebic. Lake-effect snowfall results in picturesque yet harsh winters, and thundering waterfalls have long attracted visitors.
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Settlement and Transportation
A Built Landscape
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1CHM Area Historical Society Ashland atop Bessemer Black River boosters building built Burton Capital stock Chicago Ciogebic Colby Copper Falls Courtesy IAHS Courtesy LC Curry Hill depicts deposits developed downtown east employees explorations farming forests frontier geographical Gogebic County Gogebic mining Gogebic Range Gogebic towns headframe Highway 77 houses Hurley Hurley's ICHM images invested investors Iron Mining Company Ironwood Ironwood Area Historical Jessieville John Lake Gogebic Lake Superior Lake Superior mining lithographs logging lumber Milwaukee Milwaukee-based Miner and Manufacturer mining landscapes mining locations mining ranges mining towns Montreal River Miner newspaper Norrie Oglebay-Norton Company Ontonagon Ontonagon County open-pit open-pit mines Penokee Porcupine Mountains president range towns range's Ray Maurin Collection reputation roads rock Saloon Saxon Harbor scene sense of place settlement shaft sidewalk Silver Street ski jump snow soils speculation streetcar stumps tailings piles trees Wakefield Walter Havighurst waterfalls Wellge Wilbur Bridgman Collection Wisconsin Wisconsin side