Decision Support Systems for Risk-Based Management of Contaminated Sites (Google eBook)

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Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 16, 2008 - Business & Economics - 456 pages
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Decision Support Systems for Risk-Based Management of Contaminated Sites addresses decision making in environmental risk management for contaminated sites, focusing on the potential role of decision support systems in informing the management of chemical pollutants and their effects. Considering the environmental relevance and the financial impacts of contaminated sites all over the post-industrialized countries and the complexity of decision making in environmental risk management, decision support systems can be used by decision makers in order to have a more structured analysis of a problem at hand and define possible options of intervention to solve the problem. Accordingly, the book provides an analysis of the main steps and tools for the development of decision support systems, namely: environmental risk assessment, decision analysis, spatial analysis and geographic information system, indicators and endpoints. Sections are dedicated to the review of decision support systems for contaminated land management and for inland and coastal waters management. Both include discussions of management problem formulation and of the application of specific decision support systems. This book is a valuable support for environmental risk managers and for decision makers involved in a sustainable management of contaminated sites, including contaminated lands, river basins and coastal lagoons. Furthermore, it is a basic tool for the environmental scientists who gather data and perform assessments to support decisions, developers of decision support systems, students of environmental science and members of the public who wish to understand the assessment science that supports remedial decisions.
  

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Contents

Basic Steps for the Development of Decision Support Systems
1
Environmental Risk Assessment
28
Role of MCDA
53
Spatial Analytical Techniques for Risk Based Decision Support Systems
74
Indicators and Endpoints for RiskBased Decision Processes with Decision Support Systems
95
A MultiDimensional Problem
113
A Review
136
The DESYRE DSS
157
Decision Evaluation for Complex Risk Network Systems DECERNS Software Tool
257
Decision Support Systems DSSs for Contaminated Land Management Gaps and Challenges
275
Experience in the United States
281
Review of Decision Support Systems Devoted to the Management of Inland and Coastal Waters in the European Union
311
A Decision Support System for the Assessment and Evaluation of Impacts on Aquatic Ecosystems
330
The Causal AnalysisDiagnosis Decision Information System
351
Better Assessment Science Integrating Point and Nonpoint Sources
375
A Decision Support System for the Management of the Sacca di Goro Italy
399

An MCDA Approach to Revitalize Communities and Restore the Environment
179
Decision Support System for SiteSpecific Ecological Risk Assessment of Contaminated Sites
205
Ecological Risk Based Decision Support System for Selective Remediation
239
Decision Support Systems DSSs for Inland and Coastal Waters Management Gaps and Challenges
423
Index
427
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

Andrea Critto

Lecturer in Environmental Risk Assessment and research associate at Department of Environmental Sciences; senior researcher at Interdepartmental Centre for the Dynamic Interactions between Economy, Environment and Society (IDEAS), the University Ca’ Foscari of Venice, Italy.

His main research activity concerns Environmental Risk Assessment and Management associated with: a) development of Decision Support Systems for the integration of environmental, technological, economical and societal issues; b) formulation of Environmental Quality Standards and planning of environmental monitoring; c) selection/comparison of remedial technologies for contaminated sites.

Dr. Critto received his Ph.D. in Environmental Sciences at the University Ca’ Foscari of Venice, Italy, with specialization in Environmental Risk Assessment and GIS-based Decision Support Systems (DSS) for risk based environmental management.

Antonio Marcomini

Professor of Environmental Chemistry at the University Ca’ Foscari of Venice, he has been post-doctoral fellow at the University of Toronto (Canada) and research associate at the EAWAG-ETH Institute of Water Science and Technology , Duebendorf (Switzerland). He has written extensively on the environmental behaviour (i.e. identification and determination, degradation and bioaccumulation, fate and transport, etc.) of both naturally occurring and synthetic chemicals, on impact and human health/ecological risk assessment of chemical pollutants, on environmental sustainability of degraded land/ecosystems rehabilitation, and on tools (procedures, protocols, decision support systems) for environmental decision making. He is author/coauthor of approx. 160 publications appeared in peer reviewed international journals, as well as of book chapters. Coordinator/scientific responsible of several international and national projects, his current research work focuses on characterization and risk assessment of emerging pollutants, especially nanoparticles and nanomaterials.

Glenn W. Suter II

Glenn W. Suter II is Science Advisor in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s National Center for Environmental Assessment-Cincinnati, and was formerly a Senior Research Staff Member in the Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S.A. He has a Ph.D. in Ecology from the University of California, Davis, and 30 years of professional experience including 25 years of experience in ecological risk assessment. He is the principal author of three texts in the field of ecological risk assessment, editor of two other books and author of more than a hundred open literature publications. He is Associate Editor for Ecological Risk of Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, and Reviews Editor for the Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC). He has served on the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis Task Force on Risk and Policy Analysis, the Board of Directors of SETAC, an Expert Panel for the Council on Environmental Quality, and the editorial boards of five journals. He is the recipient of numerous awards and honors; most notably, he is an Elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science; and he received SETAC’s Global Founder’s Award, their award for career achievement, and the EPA’s Level 1 Scientific and Technical Achievement Award. His research experience includes development and application of methods for ecological risk assessment and ecological epidemiology, development of soil microcosm and fish toxicity tests, and environmental monitoring. His work is currently focused on the development of methods for determining the causes of biological impairments.