A Description of Active and Extinct Volcanos, of Earthquakes, and of Thermal Springs: With Remarks on the Causes of These Phænomena, the Character of Their Respective Products, and Their Influence on the Past and Present Condition of the Globe (Google eBook)
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Page 346 - The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yea, the world, and all that dwell therein. Who can stand before his indignation? and who can abide in the fierceness of his anger? his fury is poured out like fire, and the rocks are thrown down by him.
Page 420 - The gray, and in some places apparently calcined sides of the great crater before us — the fissures which intersected the surface of the plain on which we were standing — the long banks of sulphur on the opposite side of the abyss — the vigorous action of the numerous small craters on its borders — the dense columns of vapour and smoke that rose at the north and...
Page 420 - SW, and northern parts of it, were one vast flood of burning matter, in a state of terrific ebullition, rolling to and fro its "fiery surge
Page 347 - And Abraham gat up early in the morning to the place where he stood before the LORD : and he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and, lo, the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace.
Page 346 - Oh that thou wouldest rend the heavens, that thou wouldest come down, that the mountains might flow down at thy presence. As when the melting fire burneth, the fire causeth the waters to boil, to make thy name known to thine adversaries, that the nations may tremble at thy presence ! When thou didst terrible things which we looked not for, thou earnest down, the mountains flowed down at thy presence.
Page 407 - ... feet in a perfectly regular manner, and as it were pushed up, by a force beneath ; which suddenly exploded with a dull noise, and scattered about a volume of black mud in every direction. After an interval of two or three, or sometimes four or five seconds, the hemispherical body of mud or earth rose and exploded again. In the same manner this volcanic ebullition goes on without interruption, throwing up a globular body of mud, and dispersing it with violence through the neighbouring plain.
Page 420 - ... a wide horizontal ledge of solid black lava of irregular breadth, but extending completely round. Beneath this ledge the sides sloped gradually towards the burning lake, which was, as nearly as we could judge, 300 or 400 feet lower. It was evident, that the large crater had been recently filled with liquid lava up to this black ledge, and had, by some subterranean canal, emptied itself into the sea, or upon the low land on the shore.
Page 270 - Near to a vault, which is now thirty feet below ground, and has, probably, been a burial place, there is a draw-well, where there are several strata of lavas, with earth to a considerable thickness over the surface of each stratum. Recupero has made use of this as an argument to prove the great antiquity of the mountain. For if it require two thousand years or upward, to form but a scanty soil on the surface of a lava...
Page 420 - The existence of these conical craters led us to conclude, that the boiling caldron of lava before us did not form the focus of the volcano; that this mass of melted lava was comparatively shallow; and that the basin in which it was contained was separated, by a stratum of solid matter, from the great volcanic abyss, which constantly poured out its melted contents through these numerous craters into this upper reservoir.
Page 420 - ... and flaming billows. Fifty-one conical islands of varied form and size, containing so many craters, rose either round the edge, or from the surface of the burning lake ; twenty-two constantly emitted columns of grey smoke, or pyramids of brilliant flame ; and several of these at the same time vomited from their ignited mouths streams of lava, which rolled in blazing torrents down their black indented sides, into the boiling mass below.