Cultures of the death drive: Melanie Klein and modernist melancholia
Cultures of the Death Driveis a comprehensive guide to the work of pioneering psychoanalyst Melanie Klein (18821960) and to developments in Kleinian theory to date. It is also an analysis and a demonstration of the distinctive usefulness of Kleinrs"s thought for understanding modernist literature and visual art. Esther Saacute;nchez-Pardo examines the issues that the seminal discourses of psychoanalysis and artistic modernism brought to the fore in the early twentieth century and points toward the uses of Kleinian thinking for reconceptualizing the complexities of identity and social relations today.Saacute;nchez-Pardo argues that the troubled political atmosphere leading to both world wars created a melancholia fueled by "cultures of the death drive" and the related specters of object loss-loss of coherent and autonomous selves, of social orders where stability reigned, of metaphysical guarantees, and, in some cases, loss and fragmentation of empire. This melancholia permeated, and even propelled, modernist artistic discourses. Saacute;nchez-Pardo shows how the work of Melanie Klein, the theorist of melancholia par excellence, uniquely illuminates modernist texts, particularly their representations of gender and sexualities. She offers a number of readings-of works by Virginia Woolf, Reneacute; Magritte, Lytton Strachey, Djuna Barnes, and Countee Cullen-that reveal the problems melancholia posed for verbal and visual communication and the narrative and rhetorical strategies modernist artists derived to either express or overcome them. In her afterword, Saacute;nchez-Pardo explicates the connections between modernist and contemporary melancholia.A valuable contribution to psychoanalytic theory, gender and sexuality studies, and the study of representation in literature and the visual arts,Cultures of the Death Driveis a necessary resource for those interested in the work of Melanie Klein.
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Abraham aesthetic aggression analysis anxiety situations argues artistic Barnes Barnes's body breast child cholia Countee Cullen creative crucial Cullen cultural death drive depressive position desire discourse EASB Elizabeth and Essex envy essay experience external father father's penis fear feelings female feminine fetish Freud Freudian gender genital girl guilt Harlem Harlem Renaissance heterosexual homosexual ideas important impulses incorporation instinct internal objects introjection lesbian lighthouse Lily literary loss loved object Magritte Magritte's male manic mechanisms melancholia melancholic Melanie Klein modernism modernist mother mourning narcissism narcissistic narrative Negro notion novel object relations obsessional Oedipus complex Oedipus conflict oral painting paranoid paranoid anxieties paranoid-schizoid paranoid-schizoid position poem poetry projective identification psychic psychoanalysis Ramsay reality relationship Rene Magritte reparation Ryder sadistic sense sexual social splitting stage Strachey Strachey's sublimation superego symbolic tion trompe l'oeil unconscious phantasy Wendell woman women Woolf writes