The struggle for power in Syria: politics and society under Asad and the Baʻth Party
This is a fully revised and updated paperback edition of this study of power in Syrian politics. The book explains the factors which have enabled the regime of Hafiz al-Asad to stay in power much longer than any other since independence; it also shows how al-Asad's disappearance may seriously disrupt Syria's present stability. Providing an in-depth analysis of the role of sectarian, regional and tribal loyalties in contemporary Syrian history, the author focuses attention on developments within the military and civilian power elite and the Ba'th Party organization. He shows that the 1963 Ba'thist takeover constituted a decisive turning-point. With the help of the army and the Ba'th, members of Islamic minority communities, especially Alawis, Druzes and Ismailis, and people from the poor countryside, were brought to the fore, and went through a process of rapid national emancipation. In 1970 this culminated in the monopolization of power by al-Asad, whose Alawi-dominated officers' faction has ruled Syria ever since. The text considers the political history of Syria in the 1980s and 1990s and speculates on its future.
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The rise of minorities in the Syrian armed forces
Sectarian polarisation in the Syrian armed forces
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23 February al-'Arabi al-Din al-Hayat al-Munadil al-Nahar al-Rayah al-Suwayda Al-Taqrir al-Tanzimi al-Thawrah Alawi community Alawi officers Alawi-dominated Aleppo Amin al-Hafiz Army arrested Asad Ba'th Party Ba'th regime Ba'thist Ba'thist military Baghdad Beirut bloc Cairo cent Christian civilian party comrades coup Damascene Damascus Dayr al-Zur Defence Companies dominated Druze elite factions groups Hafiz al-Asad Hama Hanna Batatu Hawran Hinnebusch Hizb al-Ba'th Ibrahim Islam Isma'ilis Jabal al-Duruz Latakia Latakia region leaders Lebanese Lebanon loyalties Major-General majority March Michel Aflaq Middle East Military Committee minister of defence Muhammad Umran Munif al-Razzaz Muslim Brotherhood Mustafa Talas National Command non-Alawi party apparatus party branch party members party's position President al-Asad President Hafiz al-Asad purged Radio Damascus regime's regional and tribal Regional Congress religious community religious minorities Revolution role rural Salah Jadid Salim Hatum sectarian September 1966 social socio-economic Sunni Muslim supporters Suriyah Syrian armed forces Syrian political Syrian Regional Command Volker Perthes