Peace and Bread in Time of War
"First published in 1922 during the ""Red Scare,"" by which time Jane Addams's pacifist efforts had adversely affected her popularity as an author and social reformer, Peace and Bread in Time of War is Addams's eighth book and the third to deal with her thoughts on pacifism. Addams's unyielding pacifism during the Great War drew criticism from politicians and patriots who deemed her the ""most dangerous woman in America."" Even those who had embraced her ideals of social reform condemned her outspoken opposition to U.S. entry into World War I or were ambivalent about her peace platforms. Turning away from the details of the war itself, Addams relies on memory and introspection in this autobiographical portrayal of efforts to secure peace during the Great War. ""I found myself so increasingly reluctant to interpret the motives of other people that at length I confined all analysis of motives to my own,"" she writes. Using the narrative technique she described in The Long Road of Women's Memory, an extended musing on the roles of memory and myth in women's lives, Addams also recalls attacks by the press and defends her political ideals. Katherine Joslin's introduction provides additional historical context to Addams's involvement with the Woman's Peace Party, the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, and her work on Herbert Hoover's campaign to provide relief and food to women and children in war-torn enemy countries."
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At the Beginning of the Great War
The Neutral Conference plus the Ford Ship
President Wilsons Policies and the Womans Peace Party
A Review of Bread Rations and Womans Traditions
A Speculation on Bread Labor and War Slogans
After War Was Declared
Personal Reactions during War
In Europe during the Armistice
Addams's Alice Hamilton Allied American Anna Garlin Spencer appeal Austria became become believed belligerent certainly Chicago Committee conference of neutrals conscientious objector conscious considered constantly delegates difficult discussion economic Edith Wharton efforts Ellery Sedgwick Europe European experience federal feeding felt fighting food supply Ford Foreign Minister France friends German Germany Hague held hope Hull-House human immigrants inevitable instinct International Congress International League Jane Addams JAPP knew labor later League of Nations meeting ment military million mind moral Neutral Conference neutral countries newspaper organization pacifist Paris patriotic Paul Kellogg Peace and Bread Peace Conference political possible President Wilson primitive prisoners propaganda responsible revolution Russian peasants secure seemed sense ship situation social society soldiers spirit starvation starving throughout tion treaty United urged Vienna Washington Woman's Peace Party women Women's International York young Zona Gale Zurich
Page xxvii - Victory would mean peace forced upon the loser, a victor's terms imposed upon the vanquished. It would be accepted in humiliation, under duress, at an intolerable sacrifice, and would leave a sting, a resentment, a bitter memory upon which terms of peace would rest, not permanently, but only as upon quicksand.
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