Apprehending the Criminal: The Production of Deviance in Nineteenth-century Discourse
In this wide-ranging analysis, Marie-Christine Leps traces the production and circulation of knowledge about the criminal in nineteenth-century discourse, and shows how the delineation of deviance served to construct cultural norms. She demonstrates how the apprehension of crime and criminals was an important factor in the establishment of such key institutions as national systems of education, a cheap daily press, and various welfare measures designed to fight the spread of criminality.
Leps focuses on three discursive practices: the emergence of criminology, the development of a mass-produced press, and the proliferation of crime fiction, in both England and France. Beginning where Foucault's work Discipline and Punish ends, Leps analyzes intertextual modes of knowledge production and shows how the elaboration of hegemonic truths about the criminal is related to the exercise of power.
The scope of her investigation includes scientific treatises such as Criminal Man by Cesare Lombroso and The English Convict by Charles Goring, reports on the Jack the Ripper murders in The Times and Le Petit Parisien, the Sherlock Holmes stories, Stevenson's Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, and novels by Zola and Bourget.
This work will be indispensable to all readers interested in discourse analysis, and to scholars and students of literary and cultural studies, anthropology, criminology, nineteenth-century history, and interdisciplinary studies.
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Grid for an Intertextual Analysis of Discourse
Stakes and Positioning
The Production of Scientific Truths
Running the Show
Naturalist Novels Grid
Le Disciple Grid
The Sherlock Holmes Stories Grid
Jekyll mid Hyde Grid
Objective Information as an Ideological Concept
absolute and cumulative allowed analysis argued argument atavism authority behavior born criminal Cesare Lombroso character circulation classes crime criminal anthropology criminal justice criminal type criminology Daily Telegraph described determined deviance discourse analysis discursive practices emergence English Enthymeme epistemological established existence factors facts fiction Foucault France French Gareth Stedman Jones Holmes human Hyde Ibid ideological maxims individual institutions intertextual Jekyll Jekyll's Journal knowledge and power knowledge production language is transparent Le Petit Parisien literary literature Lombroso London lower orders mass meaning ment moral narrative narrator nation nature newspaper novel objective information organizations paper Paris penal penitentiary Petit Parisien physical police popular position power-knowledge presented presupposes PRESUPPOSITIONS prison punishment readers reality recognized reform reports Ripper murders Rocambole sayable scientific sentence September 19 social discourse society stories swindler Tarde texts textual theory tion transformed triadic relation truth Whitechapel Zola
Page 250 - There is one point at which the moral sense and the artistic sense lie very near together; that is in the light of the very obvious truth that the deepest quality of a work of art will always be the quality of the mind of the producer.