Apprehending the Criminal: The Production of Deviance in Nineteenth-century Discourse

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Duke University Press, 1992 - Literary Criticism - 262 pages
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In this wide-ranging analysis, Marie-Christine Leps traces the production and circulation of knowledge about the criminal in nineteenth-century discourse, and shows how the delineation of deviance served to construct cultural norms. She demonstrates how the apprehension of crime and criminals was an important factor in the establishment of such key institutions as national systems of education, a cheap daily press, and various welfare measures designed to fight the spread of criminality.
Leps focuses on three discursive practices: the emergence of criminology, the development of a mass-produced press, and the proliferation of crime fiction, in both England and France. Beginning where Foucault's work Discipline and Punish ends, Leps analyzes intertextual modes of knowledge production and shows how the elaboration of hegemonic truths about the criminal is related to the exercise of power.
The scope of her investigation includes scientific treatises such as Criminal Man by Cesare Lombroso and The English Convict by Charles Goring, reports on the Jack the Ripper murders in The Times and Le Petit Parisien, the Sherlock Holmes stories, Stevenson's Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, and novels by Zola and Bourget.
This work will be indispensable to all readers interested in discourse analysis, and to scholars and students of literary and cultural studies, anthropology, criminology, nineteenth-century history, and interdisciplinary studies.
  

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Contents

Grid for an Intertextual Analysis of Discourse
13
CRIMINOLOGY
15
Stakes and Positioning
32
The Production of Scientific Truths
44
Criminology Grid
68
THE PRESS
71
Running the Show
89
Producing Information
96
Press Grid
131
LITERATURE
135
Disciplinary Limits
151
TruthProducing Fiction
166
Naturalist Novels Grid
182
Le Disciple Grid
189
The Sherlock Holmes Stories Grid
203
Jekyll mid Hyde Grid
219

Objective Information as an Ideological Concept
98

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About the author (1992)

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Marie-Christine Leps is Associate Professor of English at York University.

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