Language and Thought
As a linguist, Noam Chomsky aims not only at making a technical contribution with his generative theory of language but also at integrating his linguistic theory into a wider view of the relationship between language and the human mind. The crux of this view is his hypothesis that human beings are born with an innate knowledge of universal principles underlying the structure of human language.
Chomsky's ideas have exerted a powerful influence on other disciplines by restoring language to a central position in cognitive psychology and in the philosophy of mind. The wider impact of his redefinition of the subject gives him a permanent place in the intellectual history of the twentieth century.
Central to Chomsky's analysis is the distinction he draws between linguistic competence (knowledge of the system of rules that govern language) and an individual's actual performance as a user of language.
As Dr. Klor de Alva points out, "... Chomsky's sober text makes clear why an avoidance of dogmatism and reductionism, in the human and natural sciences - as in all things - and a well-founded recognition of the limits of cognition are not only methodologically useful but also conceptually necessary."
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abstract Akeel Bilgrami Anshen answer approach aspect of language beliefs brain called Cartesian century chemical Chomsky's cognitive revolution cognitive science cognitive system common sense complex computational Connectionism Descartes discussion eliminative materialism Eric Wanner example experience expression fact formal Frege's Fregean function Gall guage Herbert Simon history of science human idea inquiry intelligence interaction James Schwartz John kind knowledge language and thought language faculty lexical lexical aspect lexicon linguistic London look machine matter meaning mechanical philosophy mental metaphysical naturalism mind mind/brain molecules mysteries natural sciences naturalistic neural neurophysiology Noam Chomsky notions objects organs performance systems perhaps phenomena phrenology physical play chess principle problem situations Professor Chomsky properties psychology questions radically reason reductionist reference Roger Penrose run the meeting semantics sense understanding structure study of language talk theoretical theory things tion traditional true Turing test understood unification Wilhelm von Humboldt
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The Written Language Bias in Linguistics: Its Nature, Origins and ...
No preview available - 2005