Christianity and Chinese Religions

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Doubleday Religious Publishing Group, 1989 - Religion - 309 pages
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Hans Küng, world-renowned theologian, sees the wisdom religions of China as the third great religious orientation of the world alongside the Semitic prophetic religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam and the mystical religions of Hinduism and Buddhism in India. In this book, Dr. Julia Ching, Shanghai-horn scholar and professor of religious studies at the University of Toronto, presents these Chinese religions in all their complexity, followed by an analysis from a Christian perspective by Dr. Küng. For centuries, Western interpreters of the Chinese have argued that they are not a religious people, citing their practical morality as evidence of a humanism without transcendence. However, thorough historical evidence indicates a surviving religious folk culture incorporating age-old rituals with striking similarities to the ancient traditions of Judaism and Christianity. These eminent scholars trace the significance of religious traditions on the history of China and give compelling glimpses of the effect of Chinese spirituality on Western society. They open our eyes to a world that is not so separate and foreign as the West once imagined.--From publisher description.

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Contents

Chinese Perspectives
3
A Christian Response
33
ETHICAL HUMANISM
59
Copyright

10 other sections not shown

Common terms and phrases

actus purus alchemy Amitabha Analects of Confucius ancestors ancient China Arthur Waley Asia Asian Avalokitesvara belief bodhisattva Book of Rites Buddha Buddha-nature Buddhism in China Buddhist called Central Asia century Ch'an chen-jen Chinese Buddhism Chinese Buddhist canon Chinese culture Chinese folk religion Chinese language Chinese philosophy Chinese religion Ching Chou Chou dynasty Christ Christian theology Christianity in China Chu Hsi Chuang-tzu church cius Communist Confucianism Confucius cult Cultural Revolution deity divination doctrine dual citizenship Dunhuang dynasty East East Asia ecstatic especially ethical evil faith folk religion fucianism Gautama Buddha Han dynasty Hans Kung Heaven historical history of China Hong Kong human person important inculturation Indeed India influence Islam Israel Israelite itself Japan Japanese Jesuit Jesus Jesus of Nazareth Judaism Julia Ching K'ung Korea KumarajIva Lao-tzu Lord-on-high Lotus sutra Ludwig von Pastor Mahayana mainland China Maitreya Manichaean Marxism Marxist Matteo Ricci meditation Mencius Ming dynasty minjung missionaries modern Mongol moral mystical nature nembutsu Neo-Confucianism nese Nestorian Nirvana oracle bones original Peking philosophy political postmodern practices priests prophets Pure Land Buddhism question religion in China Religion in Japan religious rites ritual sacrifice sage scholars scriptures shamanic Shang Shinto Singapore Sinicized Sinologist Sinology social society South Korea Southeast Asia spirit syncretism Taiwan Tantric Buddhism Taoist canon Taoist religion teachings Temple of Heaven texts Theravada Thomas Aquinas Tibet tion tradition traditional Chinese translation Vimalakirti sutra Wang Yang-ming Western wisdom wisdom literature Yahweh yang Yang Lian Yellow Emperor yin and yang yin-yang

About the author (1989)

Hans Kung is Swiss and was born into a middle-class family. He studied in Rome for seven years, obtaining his licentiate in philosophy and theology from the Gregorian University there, and then receiving his doctorate in theology from the Catholic Institute in Paris. Since 1960 he has been a professor at Tubingen University, where he taught dogmatic and ecumenical theology until his permission to teach Catholic theology was removed as a consequence of statements judged to be contrary to official doctrine. Since 1980 he has taught at the University of Chicago and the University of Michigan, and occasionally in Europe as well. His difficulties with the church began with the publication The Church (1967) and became very hot with the publication of Infallible? An Inquiry (1971). More recently, his On Being Christian (1977) has raised the question of whether his theology is not simply rational Protestant theology of the turn of the century. Official inquiries were held, statements were exchanged between Kung and the Conference of German Bishops, and the Rome-based Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, but no agreement was to be had. Kung continues to declare himself a loyal member of the Roman Catholic church and seems unlikely to leave its priesthood or to be excommunicated.

Julia Ching is University Professor and R. C. and E. Y. Lee Chair Professor at the University of Toronto.

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