Berenike and the Ancient Maritime Spice Route (Google eBook)

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University of California Press, Jan 3, 2011 - History - 456 pages
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The legendary overland silk road was not the only way to reach Asia for ancient travelers from the Mediterranean. During the Roman Empire’s heyday, equally important maritime routes reached from the Egyptian Red Sea across the Indian Ocean. The ancient city of Berenike, located approximately 500 miles south of today’s Suez Canal, was a significant port among these conduits. In this book, Steven E. Sidebotham, the archaeologist who excavated Berenike, uncovers the role the city played in the regional, local, and “global” economies during the eight centuries of its existence. Sidebotham analyzes many of the artifacts, botanical and faunal remains, and hundreds of the texts he and his team found in excavations, providing a profoundly intimate glimpse of the people who lived, worked, and died in this emporium between the classical Mediterranean world and Asia.
  

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Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction
1
Chapter 2 Geography Climate Ancient Authors and Modern Visitors
7
Chapter 3 PreRoman Infrastructure in the Eastern Desert
21
Chapter 4 Ptolemaic DiplomaticMilitaryCommercial Activities
32
Chapter 5 Ptolemaic and Early Roman Berenike and Environs
55
Chapter 6 Inhabitants of Berenike in Roman Times
68
Chapter 7 Water in the Desert and the Ports
87
Chapter 8 NileRed Sea Roads
125
Chapter 10 Merchant Ships
195
Chapter 11 Commercial Networks and Trade Costs
206
Chapter 12 Trade in Roman Berenike
221
Chapter 13 Late Roman Berenike and Its Demise
259
Notes
283
Bibliography
355
Index
425
Copyright

Chapter 9 Other Emporia
175

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About the author (2011)

Steven E. Sidebotham is Professor of History at the University of Delaware and author of Roman Economic Policy in the Erythra Thalassa, 30 BC–AD 21.

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