Elements of chemistry: theoretical and practical, Volume 1 (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer, 1867 - Science
0 Reviews
  

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Law of Definite Proportions ib 10 Law of Multiple Proportions
16
Law of Equivalent Proportions
18
Equivalent Numbers
19
12a Hypothesis of Atomic Constitution of Matter
21
Symbolic Notation
23
PABAQBAFH IU
24
Law of Volumes
26
Application of the Law of Equivalent Proportions 3 16 Equivalency of the Elements
32
CHAPTER II
34
English System of Weights and Measures
35
The Balance
37
Specific Gravity
38
Specific Gravity of Liquids
39
Specific Gravity of Solids
41
The Hydrometer
42
Correction for Weighings taken in Air
43
ElasticityMechanical Properties of Gases 4463
44
Boyles or Marriottes Law of Elasticity in Gases
45
Repulsion among the particles of Gases
46
The AirPump
48
AirPump with a Single Barrel
49
The Condensing Syringe
50
The Household Pump
52
The Pressure Gauge and Barometer
53
The Syphon
55
Downward Pressure of the Atmosphere
56
The Pneumatic Trough 39 The Gas Holder
58
The Mercurial Trough
59
Density of the Atmosphere at different heights
61
Cohesion 43 Measurement of Cohesion 44 Reunion of Divided Surfaces
63
Cohesion of Solids
64
Cohesion of Liquids
65
Influence of Heat on Cohesion 6367 63 ib
66
AdhesionDiffusion of Liquids and Gases 67116
67
Cements 50 Capillary Action
68
Variation in degree of Capillary Action of 52 Capillary Depression of Mercury
71
Extensive Operation of Capillar Actions 54 Influence of Surface on Adhesion
73
Solution
74
Adhesion between Liquids
78
Cohesion Figures Liquids
79
riBAQSAFH rACE 58 Diffusion of LiquidsMode of measuring it
80
Laws of the Diffusion of Liquids
81
68
82
Endosmosis and Exosmosis
86
DialysisCrystalloidsColloids
91
Flow of Liquids through Capillary Tubes
92
Adhesion of Gases to LiquidsSolubility of Gases
95
Adhesion of Gases to Solids
97
Desiccation of Gases
100
Effusion of Gases
105
Passage of Gases through Diaphragms
108
70a Passage of Gases through Metallic Septa
111
Separation of Bodies by Cold or Heat
115
Crystallization 116144
116
Separation of Salts by the process of Crystallization
119
Circumstances which modify Crystalline Form
120
Change of Bulk in the act of Solidification
121
Development of Crystalline Form in Solids
122
Structure of CrystalsCleavage
123
Goniometers
125
The Reflecting Goniometer
126
Symmetry of Crystalline Form
127
Classification of Crystals
129
Isomorphism
135
Chemical bearings of Isomorphism
137
Isomorphous Groups
138
Dimorphism
139
Allotropy
142
CHAPTER P7 Light 144240
144
Sources of Light
145
Theory of UndulationEeflectionRefraction Prismatic Analysis 148201
148
hbagraih rvr E 93 Mechanism of Undulation
151
Transparency and Opacity
152
Law of the Diminution of Light by Distance
153
Rumfords Photometer ib 97 Reflection from Plane Surfaces
154
Reflection from Curved Surfaces
156
Law of the Sines
158
Refraction at Inclined Surfaces
160
75
161
Wollastons Method of ascertaining Refractive Power ib 104 Prismatic Analysis of Light
163
Theory of ColoursAbsorption
164
78
165
105a Dispersive Power
166
Sensitiveness to Heat
167
Fixed Lines in the SpectrumFraunhofers LinesBright Lines
168
Spectrum AnalysisSpectroscope
175
107a Influence of TemperatureSpectra of Compounds
178
Projection of Spectral Lines on Screen
182
KirchhofFs Theory of Fraunhofers Lines
183
Change in the Refrangibility of LightFluorescence
187
in Complex Nature of Radiant Force
190
Phosphorogenic RaysPhosphoroscope
193
Velocity of LightIts Measurement
194
Frequency of Undulation in Different Colours
195
Interference
196
Colours of thin Plates
199
Double RefractionPolarization 201214
201
Influence of Crystalline Form on Double Refraction
203
Polarization of Light by Double Refraction 120 Polarization by Reflection
205
Distinction between Common and Polarized Light 122 Polarization by a Bundle of Plates 123 Effect of the Analyser in rotating the Plane of Polarizat...
207
ib 124 Colours of Polarized Light
208
Colours in Plates cut perpendicular to the Axis 126 Coloured Rotatory Circular Polarization
211
Magnetic Polarization
214
127c Photochemical Induction
215
127A Photography on Collodion
221
Identity of Fluorescent and Chemical Rays
228
127 Photographic Spectra of the Elements
235
Sources of HeatMechanical Equivalent of Heat
241
Expansion of Solids
247
Air ThermometersDifferential Thermoscopc
254
Comparative Range of Temperature
260
TABLE OF CONTENTS rUMQUPH PAGB 143 Anomalous Expansion of Water
262
Correction of Gases for Temperature ib 145 Adjustment of Bulk to Changes of Temperature
264
Process of taking Specific Gravity of Gases ib 147 Determination of the Specific Gravity of Vapours
267
On the Equilibrium of Temperature 272 301
272
Conduction in Solids Liquids and Gases ib 150 Inequality in the Rate of Conduction in different Directions
276
Convection of Heat
277
Ventilation
279
Trade WindsLand and Seabreezes
281
Radiation of Heat
282
Reflection of Heat
283
Absorption of Heat
284
Connexion between Absorption and Radiation
285
Formation of Dew
287
Law of Cooling by Radiation
288
Relative Absorbability of different kinds of Heat
289
Transmission of Heat through ScreensDiathermacy
290
Diathermacy of Gases and Vapours
294
Influence of Structure on Diathermacy
296
Refraction of Heat
297
Separation of Radiant Heat from Light
298
Double Refraction and Polarization of Heat
300
Specific HeatLatent Heat 301372
301
Methods of Measuring Specific Heat
302
169a Causes of Variation of Specific Heat
303
Variation in amount of Specific Heat according to Physica State 37
308
Relation of Specific Heat to Atomic Weight
310
Influence of Solids in Solution upon the Boiling Point
333
Influence of Pressure on the Boiling Point
334
214
335
High Pressure Steam
336
Production of Cold during Evaporation
338
Measurement of the Latent Heat of Vapours
340
Economical Applications of Steam 34i 188 DistillationCoffeys Still
347
Evaporation
349
Daltons Law of the Tension of Vapours
350
Limit of Evaporation
352
Circumstances which influence the Kate of Evaporation
353
Dew Point
357
Daniells Hygrometer
358
Wet Bulb Hygrometer
359
Liquefaction and Solidification of Gases
361
Pressure exerted by Condensed Gases
364
Spheroidal State produced by Heat
370
Atomic Relations of Heat Evolved in Chemical Combination 373393
373
The Quantity of Heat developed in Chemical Action is definite
374
Researches of Favre and Silbermann
377
Quantities of Heat Evolved during Combustion
379
Influence of Dimorphism
380
Heat evolved during Decomposition
381
Indirect Methods of Estimating Calorific Equivalents
383
Mercurial Calorimeter
385
Heat Evolved during Metallic Precipitation
386
Calorific Equivalents of Elements
389
Heat Evolved during the Action of Acids on Bases 39o 212 Heat Absorbed during Solution of Salts
392
Heat Evolved during Solution of Gases
393
CHAPTER VI
394
Magnetism 395405
395
Magnetic Induction
396
riBAGHAPH PiO 217 Preparation of Magnets
398
Influence of Molecular Actions on Magnetism
400
The Dip
401
22i Declination or Variation
402
Variation in the Intensity of the Earths Magnetism 43
403
Static Electricity 40545
405
Insulators and Conductors
407
ElectroscopesCoulombsPeltier s Electrometer
408
Electrical Hypotheses
411
Electrical Induction
412
Faradays Theory of Induction
415
Distribution of the Electric Chargi
416
Electrical Machines
418
Further Illustrations of Induction
420
The Electrophorus
421
Spread of Induction
422
The Leyden Jar
424
Measures of Electricity
428
Specific Induction 43
430
Various Modes of Discharge
432
Conduction ib 240 Development of Heat
433
Disruptive Discharge
435
Velocity of Discharge
436
Striking Distance
438
Convection
441
Other Sources of ElectricityHeatFracture
442
Electricity from Chemical Action
444
Atmospheric ElectricityLightning Rods
446
Aurora Borealis
449
Galvanic or Voltaic Electricity 45c553
450
Simple Voltaic Circuits
451
Activity of the Conducting Wire 452
452
Action of the Conducting Wire on a Magnetic Needle
453
The Galvanometer
454
Summary of the effects produced by the Conducting Wire
459
TABAGKXFB nrK 257 Electric Disturbance produced by Contact
460
Necessity of Chemical Action to produce Voltaic Action
461
Polarization and Transfer of the Elements of the Liquid
462
Energy of the Current proportionate to the Chemical Activity
465
Protection of Ships Sheathing
466
Circuits with One Metal and Two Liquids
471
General Summary
473
Groves Gas Battery
474
Daniells Battery
477
Groves Nitric Acjd BatteryBunsens Coke Battery
478
Smees Battery
479
Resistances to the Voltaic Current
480
Differences between a Simple and a Compound Circuit
483
Ohms Formula?
486
Chemical Decomposition
487
The Voltameter
489
Further Application of Ohms Formula
491
Wheatstones Rheostat and Resistance Coils Standar 1 of Resistance
493
Processes of Voltaic Discharge
497
ConductionConducting Power of Solids
499
Heating Effects in Wires 54
506
Conducting Power of Gases
508
Electric Light S9
509
Chemical Actions
515
Laws of Electrolysis
516
Relative Decomposability of Electrolytes
519
Electrochemical Actions
520
Electrolysis of Salts 52
521
Bearing of Electrolysis on the Theory of Salts
523
Unequal Transfer of Ions during Electrolysis
528
Electrovection or Electrical Endosmose
530
Secondary results of Electrolysis
533
Nascent State of Bodies
536
Theory of the Electrical Origin of Chemical Attraction
538
Electrotype or Voltatype Processes
541
Preparation of Moulds for Electrotyping
543
Electrozincing c
544
Electroplating
545
Electrogilding
547
Resemblances between Static and Voltaic Electricity
548
Delucs Dry Pile Zambonis Pile
549
paragraph paor IV ElectroMagnetism 553572
553
Influence of a Conducting Wire in Exciting Magnetism
555
Molecular Movements during the Magnetization of Bars
557
Amperes Theory of ElectroMagnetism
559
Mutual Influence of Wires which are conveying Currents
560
ElectroMagnetic Rotations
562
Electric Telegraph
565
MagnetoElectricity 572593
572
MagnetoElectric Induction
574
KuhmkorfTs MagnetoElectric Induction CoilStratified Elec tric Discharge
575
Henrys Coils
582
Aragos Rotations
586
MagnetoElectric Machines
588
315a Absolute Measures of ElectroMagnetic Quantities
592
ThermoElectricity 593599
593
ThermoMultiplier 597
597
Reduction of Temperature by the Electric Current
598
Animal Electricity 599601
599
Electrical Phenomena of the Gymnotus
600
The Muscular Current in Living Animals
601
Diamagnetism 602619
602
Magnetism of Bodies in general
605
Diamagnetism
606
Diamagnetism of Gases
608
List of Magnetic and Diamagnetic Bodies
609
Influence of Chemical Composition upon the Magnetic or Dia magnetic State
611
Index
620
Comparison of Centigrade and Fahrenheit Thermometers
626

Common terms and phrases

Bibliographic information