Planning for Disaster: How Natural and Manmade Disasters Shape the Built Environment

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Kaplan Publishing, 2007 - Architecture - 294 pages
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Disasters, throughout the ages, have shaped the built environment. The way city planners, architects, engineers and politicians plan and design cities, buildings, highways, tunnels and bridges have all been fashioned to some degree by the mischievous hands of disasters. Planning for Disaster will trace the impact of natural and manmade disasters on urban planning, building design and the design of large-scale engineering projects such as bridges, tunnels and levees. The book will reference recent disasters such as the Loma Prieta Earthquake (1989), the Oklahoma City Bombing (1995), the 9/11 Terrorist Attack (2001), Hurricane Katrina (2005), as well as catastrophic events from history such as the burning of Rome in AD 64, the London fire of 1666, the New York fire of 1835, the Great Chicago Fire of 1871 and the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire.

Planning for Disaster will include approximately 25 illustrations (photographs and figures) in support of the text.

  

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Contents

It Takes a Disaster
1
The Pragmatic Process of Disaster Planning
4
Architecture Matters
6
Disaster Codes and Regulations
8
Another Source for Disaster
17
Impact of the Natural Elements
18
Fire
19
The Great Fire of Rome
20
The Labor Day Hurricane of 1935
132
1965 Hurricane Betsy
133
1992 Hurricane Andrew
134
Tsunamis
139
Tsunami Warning Systems
140
West Coast and Alaska Tsunami Warning System
141
2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami
143
Lessons from Tsunamis
144

The Great Fire of London
25
The Great Chicago Fire
38
Codes
47
Londons Earliest Building Code
50
The Iroquois Theater Fire
56
The Great Baltimore Fire
61
New York Citys Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
66
Overcrowding
73
The Garden City
74
The Tenement Reform Movement
79
The City Beautiful Movement
87
Earthquake
95
The San Francisco Earthquakes of 1865 and 1868
97
The Great San Francisco Earthquake and Fire
102
The 1925 Santa Barbara Earthquake
110
The 1933 Long Beach Earthquake
113
The Loma Prieta Earthquake
116
The Northridge Earthquake
118
Designing for Earthquakes
120
Wind and Water
123
The Formation of Hurricanes
124
The Great Storm
126
The 1928 Okeechobee Hurricane
131
Disasters of Another Kind
151
Economic Disasters
153
The Social Disaster of PruittIgoe
163
Structural Disasters
172
World Trade Center
179
Investigation of the Tragedy
182
Lessons and Recommendations
196
Hurricane Katrina
201
New Orleans
202
Biloxi Mississippi
211
Hurricane Katrina
213
New Orleans in the Aftermath
217
The Mississippi Gulf Coast
220
New Orleans Levees
222
Rebuilding New Orleans
226
Learning from Disasters
233
Another Disaster Looms
240
Time Line of Disasters
243
Acknowledgments
249
Notes
251
Bibliography
263
Index
271
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

William G. Ramroth, Jr., is a practicing architect with over thirty years of experience in architectural design and project management.  He has served as the project manager for numerous building design projects ranging in size from small remodeling projects to multi-disciplinary design programs of over one-hundred million dollars in construction costs.
 
He has Bachelor’s and Master’s of Architecture Degrees from the University of Oregon and is a member of the American Institute of Architects (AIA).  In addition, Mr. Ramroth is certified by the National Council of Architectural Registration Board (NCARB) and is LEED certified by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) as a leader in the design of energy efficient and environmentally sensitive “green” buildings.
 
He has been a guest lecturer at the University of Oregon, where he lectured and participated in seminars regarding methods of synthesizing the aesthetic, structural, financial, and technology parameters that affect the design of buildings. 
 
He currently works for Kennedy/Jenks Consultants, where he manages the architectural, structural, mechanical and electrical departments for the San Francisco office.  Kennedy/Jenks Consultants is an Engineering/Scientific/ Architectural design firm with approximately 450 employees.  It has 19 offices located in California, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Arizona, Montana, Kansas, and Utah. 
 
For several years, Mr. Ramroth served as a project manager for Sverdrup Corporation, a multi-disciplinary design firm with offices throughout the United States and approximately 3,000 employees.  In 1999, Sverdrup was bought by Jacobs Engineering, one of the largest engineering firms world-wide with over 20,000 employees and offices throughout the world.  For Jacobs, he managed the Walnut Creek and Costa Mesa offices.

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