History and Doctrines of the Ajivikas, a Vanished Indian Religion

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Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 1951 - Ajivikas - 316 pages
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The book presents the history and the Doctrines of the Ajivikas who formed a third heretical sect besides the sect of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism and that of Mahavira Vardhamana, the twenty-fourth Tirthankara of the Jainas.  The three heterodox sects react against the ritualistic creed of the Vedists.  The cult of Ajivikas was founded by Makkhali Gosal, the contemporary of Mahavira Vardhamana, on the basis of strict determinism with a belief in the all-embracing rule of Niyati (principle of order).  According to Gosal, It was Niyati which ultimately governed our action, controlled phenomena and left no room for human volition.  It will through new height on an interesting and significant aspect of India's past, and will encourage further research.  This book is divided into fifteen chapters discussing elaborately different aspects of the subject matter.  The comprehensive Bibliography and Index are the added features for the researchers for comparative as well as further study of yet unexplored areas.
  

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Basham sems a bit biased in his writing. He never credits the Jains for what they deserve.
Nevertheless, it is a good book on Ajivikas.

Contents

Introduction
3
The Six Heretics
10
Makkhali Gosala and his Predecessors
27
The Last Days of Makkhali Gosala
56
CHAPTER PAGE
66
PORANA AND PAKUDHA
80
The Early Ajlvika Community
94
The Early Ajlvika Community II
118
Ajlvikas in Later Times
161
The Southern Ajlvikas
187
Appendix to Part I The Iconoclast Ascetics
205
NlYATI
221
Ajlvka Cosmology
240
Other Doctrines of the Ajlvikas
262
Conclusion
278
Copyright

Ajlvikas in the Nanda and Maurya Periods
142

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