The Turk, Chess Automaton
With all-new research and facts unknown for two centuries, this is a richly detailed and comprehensive account of "The Turk, " Baron Wolfgang von Kempelen's amazing but fraudulent Chess Automaton that held the world spellbound for 85 years beginning in 1770. In actuality, the Turk was manipulated by a man housed in a hot box, working by candlelight--but the secret was kept for decades. Besides playing a good game of chess within an hour's time, the manipulator had to keep track of the moves, work the pantograph arm apparatus, nod the head, roll the eyes, cover up sneezes and coughs, and work the sound mechanism. This work contains a detailed discussion of the literature surrounding the Turk along with an analysis of its hidden operation. The complete collection of published games played by the Turk, many, again, unknown for 200 years, is also included.
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Allen appeared Automa Automaton Chess Automaton Chess Player Automaton Chess-Player Boncourt cabinet candle Chess Automaton chess board Chess Monthly Chess Player Chess-Player in America chessboard chessman chest Company of Philadelphia concealed cupboard cxd4 Decremps diagram director doors drawer Dutens Echec endgame Ewart exd5 exhibition exhibitor explain eyes ﬁgure ﬁlled ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁngers ﬁnished ﬁrst move ﬁve ﬁxed Fraser's Magazine Game played hand head hidden player hypothesis ibid interior invention inventor Knight's Tour lbid levers Library Company London Louis Dutens machinery Maelzel magnet mate mechanism ment Mitchell motion movements mystery Napoleon Nbd2 needles Nxd4 observed odds of pawn opened opponent oseph Panharmonicon pantograph pawn and move Philadelphia piece Pittoresque article placed play and win played at odds Racknitz Régence Schlumberger secret Silas Weir Mitchell spectators square tion tomaton Turk Mouret Turk's Walker William Schlumberger Willis Windisch Wolfgang von Kempelen