Monitoring manual for grassland, shrubland, and savanna ecosystems
USDA - ARS Jordana Experimental Range, Jan 3, 2005 - Nature - 236 pages
This book describes the first integrated soil and vegetation monitoring system for rangeland ecosystems and is also the only monitoring guide to address the increasingly popular concept of "rangeland health." Rather than focusing on any particular land management objective-such as livestock production, watershed protection, or biodiversity conservation-the manual describes how to monitor basic ecosystem attributes on which all land uses depend: soil and site stability, watershed function, and biotic integrity. The manual is divided into two volumes to facilitate its use by individuals with little or no background in science or land management. Volume I, "Quick Start," contains all of the information needed to begin monitoring. Volume II outlines monitoring program development, contains supplementary methods, and provides guidelines for data entry. A Special Topics section in Volume II describes how to adapt the protocols to address more specific land management objectives: riparian environments, livestock production, wildlife habitats, off-road vehicle and other recreation uses, fire, in vasive species, state and transition models, and remote sensing. The manual's value-neutral approach has facilitated adoption by a wide range of individuals and organizations, and the protocols described are already being applied by ranchers, environmental organizations, land management agencies, and the National Park Service. Nearly everything that we value about rangelands depends upon the three attributes on which these methods focus; monitoring them is like monitoring the foundation of our rangeland ecosystems. This book provides step-by-step instructions for putting these important methods intopractice.
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References and Additional Resources 189
Monitoring program development in six easy steps
Define management and monitoring objectives
33 other sections not shown
ARTRT assessment basal cover Basal Gap Belt transect biotic integrity blue grama bottle calculated Canopy foliar canopy gaps canopy intercepts channel vegetation survey Chapter column Compaction test data form depth diameter ecosystems estimate extrapolation factors functional group Gap intercept grama grazing height hydrologic function Impact Penetrometer increase indicators infiltration rate intercept method invasive species landscape unit Line-point intercept litter locations long-term Median Minimum detectable change monitoring data monitoring objectives monitoring plots Monitoring Program Design monitoring unit NRCS number of measurements Number of plots Option percent pipette plant communities Plant production Plant species richness potential Program Design Form Rangeland rebar Record Riparian channel vegetation riparian zone sacahuista sample savanna selected shrub sideoats grama Single-ring infiltrometer soil organic matter Soil stability test soil structure soil surface species richness stability class Step stratified subplots tape total number transition models Tree density values Vegetation structure wildlife woody