Currents of Change: Impacts of El Niņo and La Niņa on Climate and Society

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Cambridge University Press, 2001 - Nature - 252 pages
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Headlines around the world about severe droughts, hurricanes, and floods caused by El Niņo and La Niņa appear every few years. El Niņo is the second most important climate process after the changing seasons; its effects are widely known, but the equally serious impact of La Niņa is only now beginning to be appreciated. Fully revised, Currents of Change clearly explains what El Niņo and La Niņa are and how they can be forecast. Examining for the first time the major El Niņo of 1997-1998, Michael Glantz explains what we can learn from past events, how we can better manage climate-sensitive activities, and how to anticipate what future storms and droughts may occur. A century ago, it was of interest only to Peruvian fishermen and farmers. Today, scientists armed with tremendous computer models and satellites realize that El Niņo and La Niņa affect climatic conditions in seemingly remote parts of the world and are better able to predict which regions will be affected. Including the latest information about El Niņo and La Niņa, this new edition of Currents of Change will be useful to scientists, policymakers, economists, and interested readers alike. Michael Glantz is a Senior Scientist with the US National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in the Environmental and Societal Impacts Group, a program of NCAR. He is the coordinator of a 16-country El Niņo impacts and response strategies study for the United Nations. Glantz is a member of numerous national and international committees and advisory bodies and is a recipient of the 1987 World Hunger Media Award, of UNEP's Global 500 Award, and the 1991 Mitchell Prize for Sustainable Development. He is the author of Climate Variability, Climate Change, and Fisheries (Cambridge, 1992) and Drought Follows the Plow (Cambridge, 1994). He lives in Boulder, Colorado.
  

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Contents

El Nino
15
A tale of two histories
29
The life and times of El Nino and La Nina
49
The biography of El Nino
51
The biography of La Nina
66
The 198283 El Nino a case of an anomalous anomaly
84
Forecasting El Nino
101
Forecasting the 199798 El Nino
123
Why care about El Nino and La Nina?
175
El Nino and health
177
The media El Nino and La Nina a study in mediarology
189
Why do ENSO events continue to surprise us?
202
What people need to know about El Nino
212
Usable science
221
A presidents perspective on El Nino
225
Chronology of interest in El Nino
229

Teleconnections
133
El Ninos ecological impacts the Galapagos
146
Methods used to identify El Nino
163

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page xiv - The National Center for Atmospheric Research is sponsored by the National Science* Foundation.
Page 238 - Blanford, HF (1884) On the connection of the Himalayan snowfall with dry winds and seasons of drought in India.
Page i - Currents of change: Impacts of El Nino and La Nina on climate and society.
Page 242 - Loon, 1988: The Southern Oscillation. Part VII: Meteorological anomalies over the Indian and Pacific sectors associated with the extremes of the oscillation.

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About the author (2001)

Michael H. Glantz is a senior scientist in the Environmental and Social Impacts Group (ESIG), a program at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado.