Bus deregulation in the metropolitan areas
The 1985 Transport Act deregulated bus operation outside London following 55 years of regulation. It was made much easier for private companies to set up bus services and local authorities could only plan and subsidise services which were not provided by the commercial market. Supporters of the Act predicted that it would lead to more and better services, lower fares, lower subsidy and more passengers. Opponents predicted fewer and poorer services, higher fares, rapid changes in services, lack of integration and fewer passengers. This book presents the results of a study carried out between 1986 and 1989 by the Transport Studies Unit (TSU) to monitor the effects in the metropolitan areas of Great Britain - Greater Manchester, Merseyside, South and West Yorkshire, Strathclyde, Tyne and Wear and the West Midlands.
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THE ROAD TO DEREGULATION
THE STRUCTURE OF THE BUS INDUSTRY
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1985 Transport Act average Bus and Coach bus companies bus deregulation bus industry bus market bus operators bus services bus stations car ownership Coach Statistics 1988/9 commercial services concessionary fares schemes congestion contract costs Department of Transport drivers entry ex-NBC fare increases fare scales fares rise following deregulation frequency GMBL Greater Manchester journeys London Magicbus Manchester Minibuses Merseyside metropolitan areas metropolitan PTCs Midland Red West mileage National Bus Company network tickets off-peak overall period platform staff pre-deregulation prior to deregulation private operators privatisation problems PTA areas PTCs public transport reduced result revenue routes Scottish Bus Group sector service levels shire counties shows smaller operators Source South Yorkshire Transport Strathclyde subsidy survey Table tendered services timetable Traffic Commissioners Transport Studies Unit travelcard TRRL Tyne and Wear University Transport Studies vehicle miles wage West Midlands Travel West Yorkshire White Paper Yorkshire Rider