Neither friend nor foe: the European neutrals in World War II

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Simon & Schuster, 1992 - History - 432 pages
2 Reviews
At the outbreak of the war, in 1939, over thirty independent states spanned the European continent. As the Nazi war machine advanced across Europe, consuming almost everything in its wake, only five - Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, Portugal, and the Republic of Ireland - preserved their sovereignty and protected their populations from devastation. These were the "neutral" nations of the Second World War, which survived through a combination of strategy and sheer luck, and continual, strained negotiations with the Axis and Allies. Neutrality, in practice, often meant accommodating warring neighbors and appeasing the ascendant power. Until Germany lost its edge in 1942, it threatened invasion to exact costly compromises: Switzerland complied with press censorship and granted the Germans access to Italy via their Alpine tunnels; Sweden permitted transport of Nazi troops and war materiel to the Norwegian front. Spain's and Portugal's rightwing dictators paid homage to Hitler, and Franco went so far as to send Spanish soldiers to the Russian front. The Republic of Ireland, fearing British occupation as much as Nazi attack, maintained relations with the Germans, isolating themselves from the rest of the English-speaking world, and inviting accusations from the Allies of complicity with the enemy. Were these the policies of courageous leaders wishing to spare the lives of innocent citizens? Or, as the Allies alleged, cynical positions that prolonged the carnage? Jerrold M. Packard explores the ethical implications of the politics of neutrality, as he vividly evokes the complex forces at work during this tumultuous period. Here are stories of individual heroism and cowardice on a grand scale, dramatic rescues and mass slaughter, diplomacy and espionage. In this first comprehensive popular treatment of the subject, Jerrold M. Packard re-creates the war of the neutral powers, and the personalities who shaped the events, from Winston Churchill and Eamon de Valera to Raoul Wallenberg and Allen Dulles.

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Review: Neither Friend Nor Foe: The European Neutrals in World War II

User Review  - Amy - Goodreads

Neither Friend Nor Foe is the best survey of European neutrality in WWII that I've found. It is sufficiently scholarly to serve as a good launch point for an academic seeking an introduction to the ... Read full review

Review: Neither Friend Nor Foe: The European Neutrals in World War II

User Review  - Scott Vizcarra - Goodreads

This book was an overall view of all the countries that claimed neutrality during WWII and what they did to appeaze both the Axis and Allied sides to overt hostilities and not show favoritism ... Read full review

Contents

Provenance
1
Bern
7
Stockholm
19
Copyright

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About the author (1992)

Jerrold M. Packard includes among his wide-ranging works "Peter's Kingdom," on the history and inner workings of the Vatican; "Sons of Heaven," a history of the Japanese imperial family; "Neither Friend Nor Foe," the story of the neutral European countries during World War II; and "Farewell in Splendor," about the death of Queen Victoria and the passing of her era.

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