The Islamic World in Decline: From the Treaty of Karlowitz to the Disintegration of the Ottoman Empire (Google eBook)

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001 - History - 249 pages
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The long era of Muslim political ascendancy that began in a small region of western Arabia reached its pinnacle some nine hundred years later with the siege of Vienna by Suleiman the Magnificent in 1529. Suleiman then concluded that, given the increasingly volatile geopolitical environment, Muslim expansionism in Eurasia had run its course. The subsequent decline of Ottoman power also meant, in effect, the decline of political Islam, which had been intimately bound to it for centuries.

As Sicker shows, the problems faced by the Ottoman Empire were also faced by the Persian Empire and both underwent an extended period of political decline and territorial retrenchment in the face of imperialist pressures from Europe and Asia. The greatest challenge to the world of political Islam came from Western Europe, especially France and Great Britain. The Ottoman and Persian empires assumed a global importance in the 19th century, not because of anything in them of intrinsic economic value, but because of their geopolitical and geostrategic significance. They became, in effect, a buffer zone separating Europe from the wealth of the East, at a time when European imperialism was on the march in Asia. It thus came about that the rivalries of the Great Powers, most especially those of Great Britain, France, and Russia, were played out in the Middle East. This book will serve as a vital resource for students, scholars, and other researchers involved with Middle East History, Political Islam, and Modern European History.

  

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Contents

The OttomanSafavid Conflict
1
Turbulence on Persias Frontiers
15
Balance of Power in Southeastern Europe
21
Beginnings of the RussoOttoman Conflict
33
Decline and Fall or the Safavid State
43
The Era or Nadir Shah
55
Russian Imperialism under Catherine the Great
69
Developments in the Ottoman and Persian Spheres
83
The Crimean War
139
Britain and Russia in Persia and Central Asia
153
The RussoTurkish War of 1877
161
Confrontations in the Persian Gulf and Egypt
171
Resurgence of AngloRussian Rivalry
181
The Close of the Ottoman Era
189
The Last Ottoman War
203
The Dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire
219

Napoleon Enters the Middle East
89
The Era or Muhammad Ali
103
AngloRussian Rivalry in the Persian Sphere
117
The War of 1828 and Its Aftermath
125

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About the author (2001)

MARTIN SICKER is a private consultant and lecturer who has served as a senior executive in the U.S. government and has taught at American University and The George Washington University. Dr. Sicker has written extensively in the field of political science and international affairs. He is the author of 22 earlier books, including "The Pre-Islamic Middle East" (Praeger, 2000) and "Between Rome and Jerusalem: 300 Years of Roman-Judaean Relations" (Praeger, 2001).

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