The Political Logic of Economic Reform in China (Google eBook)
In the past decade, China was able to carry out economic reform without political reform, while the Soviet Union attempted the opposite strategy. How did China succeed at economic market reform without changing communist rule? Susan Shirk shows that Chinese communist political institutions are more flexible and less centralized than their Soviet counterparts were.Shirk pioneers a rational choice institutional approach to analyze policy-making in a non-democratic authoritarian country and to explain the history of Chinese market reforms from 1979 to the present. Drawing on extensive interviews with high-level Chinese officials, she pieces together detailed histories of economic reform policy decisions and shows how the political logic of Chinese communist institutions shaped those decisions.Combining theoretical ambition with the flavor of on-the-ground policy-making in Beijing, this book is a major contribution to the study of reform in China and other communist countries.
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The Prereform Chinese Economy and the Decision to Initiate Market Reforms
CHINESE POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS
Authority Relations The Communist Party and the Government
Leadership Incentives Political Succession and Reciprocal Accountability
Bargaining Arena The Government Bureaucracy
Who Is Enfranchised in the Policymaking Process?
Decision Rules Delegation by Consensus
Playing to the Provinces Fiscal Decentralization and the Politics of Reform
Creating Vested Interests in Reform Industrial Reform Takeoff 197881
Leadership Succession and Policy Conflict The Choice Between Profit Contracting and Substituting TaxforProfit 198283
Building Bureaucratic Consensus Formulating the TaxforProfit Policy 198384
The Power of Particularism Abortive Price Reform and the Revival of Profit Contracting 198588
The Political Lessons of Economic Reform in China
adjustment tax administrative agencies agricultural author's interviews authority bargaining Beijing billion yuan Bo Yibo bureau bureaucratic Central Committee central planning Chen Yun China command economy Commission Communist Party competition conference conservative Council decision Deng Xiaoping economic policies economic reform economists enterprise managers factories FBIS firms fiscal decentralization foreign funds groups Guangdong heavy industry Hu Yaobang Hua Guofeng implemented incentives increased industrial ministries industrial reform institutions interests investment Jiyun large enterprises leadership Li Peng light industry Mao Zedong market reforms ment ministries and provinces National People's Congress Naughton nomic nonstate Oksenberg output particularistic party and government party leaders Peng percent policy-making Politburo premier price reform prises profit retention profit-contracting provincial officials readjustment reform drive reform policies reformist responsibility system revenues ribao rules sector selectorate Shanghai share Soviet Union subordinate tax rates tax-for-profit tion Yao Yilin Zhao Ziyang
Page 6 - As the Chinese economists put it, Deng Xiaoping and his reformist lieutenants, Zhao Ziyang and Hu Yaobang, pushed against the stone wall of the Chinese bureaucracy. Where they found loose stones, they pushed through; when stones would not move, they did not waste energy pushing