Lexical Plurals: A Morphosemantic Approach
This book explores the wide variety of cases in which the plural of nouns is lexical. When a plural is lexicalized it becomes part of what it is to know a certain word: pence, for example, is lexical because it means a plurality of a certain kind - a multiple value, not a set of physical objects like pennies - and knowing this reading is knowing the word. Languages exhibit countless examples of similar word-dependent irregularities in the form and meaning of plural, but these have never been analyzed in depth from a unified perspective. Dr Acquaviva aims to do just that, using analytic tools from formal semantics and theoretical morphology to shed light on the relation between grammar and the lexicon. After an introduction setting out his approach he divides the book into two parts. The first gives a structured description of the ways plurality can be lexicalized with an emphasis on description and categorization. The second analyzes in depth different types of lexical plurals in Italian, Irish, Arabic and Breton. A final chapter spells out the theoretical consequences for the analysis of the lexicon. The book is unusual in combining a broad typological classification with a unified morphological and semantic analysis based on a formal framework.
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Varieties of noninflectional plurals
Plurals and morphological lexicality
The meaning of lexical plurality
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ablaut abstract adjectives affix alternants animacy Arabic atoms base BP formation braccia Breton broken plurals Chapter classifier cohesion collective context contrast Corbett count nouns countability defined denotation derivation dialects distinct double plural dual eggs elements encoded English entities example exponents express fact feminine formal function gender identity individual inflectional number inflectional plurals inherently plural instance instantiation interpretation Irish counting plurals irregular Italian lack languages lexeme lexical item lexical plurals lexical semantics lexically restricted linguistic masculine mass nouns mass plurals meaning morpheme morphological class morphosyntactic neuter nominal non-inflectional notion noun class number value Ojeda pairs pattern paucal plural doublets plural ending plural form plural marker plural nouns plural suffix pluralia tantum predicates prefix pronouns properties reading reference domain regular plural relation Romanian Section semilattice sense singular and plural Singular Plural singulative speakers Steve Hewitt structure suffix suppletive syntactic Trepos unit nouns unity verbs vowel whole word