The Chinese classic of family reverence: a philosophical translation of the Xiaojing
For China, one may go so far as to say that family reverence was a necessary condition for developing any of the other human qualities of excellence. On the basis of the present translation of the Xiaojing (Classic of Family Reverence) and supplemental passages found in other early philosophical writings, Professors Rosemont and Ames articulate a specifically Confucian conception of "role ethics" that, in its emphasis on a relational conception of the person, is markedly different from most early and contemporary dominant Western moral theories. This Confucian role ethics takes as its inspiration the perceived necessity of family feeling as the entry point in the development of moral competence and as a guide to the religious life as well. In the lengthy introduction, the two senior scholars offer their perspective on the historical, philosophical, and religious dimensions of the Xiaojing. Together with this introduction, a lexicon of key terms presents a context for the Xiaojing and provides guidelines for interpreting the text historically in China as well as suggesting its contemporary significance for all societies. The inclusion of the Chinese text adds yet another dimension to this important study.
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Classic of Family Reverence Xiaojing
Elaborating upon Consummate Excellence
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actions Analects Analects of Confucius ancestors appropriate yi Aristotle basic become behavior Book of Songs Chapter China Chinese philosophy Classic of Family classical Confucianism concept Confucian role ethics Confucius consummate contemporary context cultural deference defining develop dimensions disciples of Confucius Duke of Zhou early Chinese early Confucians elders Emperor entails euhemerism excellence Exemplary persons junzi family and community family feeling family reverence xiao father filial former kings governing grandmother human ily Reverence important individual interactions jiao Kant Karlgren 1950b living loyalty Master Zeng meaning Mencius ming moral obedience obligation observing ritual propriety one's parents particular passage philosophical political proper way dao Qin dynasty relationships religious remonstrance respect jing responsibility Rosemont serve shen shengren shun simply social specific spiritual tian tion tradition translation understanding virtue ethics Western Xiaojing Xunzi Zeng Shen Zengxi zhong