Are Women Catching Up in the Earnings Race?
Centre for International Statistics at the Canadian Council on Social Development, 1997 - Social Science - 28 pages
This report presents a new way of measuring the progress that women have made in closing the gap between their wages and those of men. Using microdata from the Statistics Canada Survey of Consumer Finances, the authors analyze the changes that have occurred in women's & men's earnings between 1984 & 1994 in relation to the overall distribution of earnings. They further break down the pattern of women's & men's earnings into different age groups within the labour force. The report focusses on those who held employment during the study period and does not consider the larger question of men's & women's total incomes or questions related to unemployment rates. The first section provides a context for the analysis of earnings by examining women's changing position in the labour market. The next section details the methodology used and presents overall findings on the distribution of earnings among all earners and full-time, full-year workers. The last section examines one important factor related to the changes in earnings patterns for women over the decade: the altered age profile of the labour force.
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The Distribution of Earnings among Younger and Older Workers
1984 Annual Earnings absolute numbers age of 25 analysis Annual Earnings less average baby boom baby boomers bottom six deciles bottom three deciles Canadian Labour Congress CCSD using Statistics cent of earners cent of female Centre for International Composition of Earnings concentration Consumer Finances microdata decline distribution of earnings dollars earners in 1984 Earners with Annual earnings gains earnings ladder earnings of women earnings trends female earners female FTFY earners Figure FTFY labour force FTFY workers Full-time Full-year Earners full-time full-year workers Gender Composition higher earnings income and 1994 Industry Canada International Statistics labour market male and female male workers men's earnings number of female number of young older workers Ottawa Ottawa Citizen overall earnings distribution participation rate past decade pattern of women's polarization proportion of women roughly Statistics Canada Statistics Canada's Survey Survey of Consumer Table top decile wage gap women's and men's women's earnings young women young workers