The Village Community and Modern Progress (Google eBook)

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Colombo Apothecaries Company, Limited, 1908 - Village communities - 12 pages
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Page 5 - There is annually a gathering from all parts of the island at Anuradhapura to visit what are called sacred places. I suppose that about 20,000 people come here, remain for a few days, and then leave. There are no houses for their reception, but under the grand umbrageous trees of our park-like environs they erect their little booths and picnic in the open air. As the height of the festival approaches, the place becomes instinct with life, and when there is no room left to camp in, the later comers...
Page 6 - ... open the mouth." Spoken of a judge ; who first must have a bribe, before he will pronounce on their side. " Take a ploughman from the plough, and wash off his dirt : and he is fit to rule a kingdom.
Page 3 - If these districts have been neglected and the villages have been left buried in their virgin forests, and so have failed to share in the general progress which has been going forward around them they have at least this compensation, that they have retained, almost in its pristine purity, the ancient village system of the Aryan races. The discovery of this political state of the new province at once suggested the necessity for the greatest care in avoiding any measures which would suddenly break...
Page 3 - In the other provinces if anything has to be done, down comes the tax-gatherer everything has to be paid for. Here the people give their labour, gratuitously, for common objects, and escape all special taxation. In the other provinces police are required, and are paid for by a special tax. Here there are no police. In the town of Anuradhapura 2 order is maintained by one town constable in the rest of the province no police are required.
Page 5 - ... with, guarded by three native treasury watchers. There lay this sum of money, year after year, at the mercy of any six men who chose to run with it into the neighbouring jungle once in, detection was almost impossible and yet no one ever supposed the attempt would be made. These 20,000 people from all parts of the country come and go annually without a single policeman being here; and as the Magistrate of the District, I can only say that anything to surpass their decorum and sobriety...
Page 5 - Amongst few people, I believe, are family attachments more strong and sincere : there is little to divert or weaken them ; and they are strengthened equally by their mode of life and their religion. A family is the focus in which all the tender affections of a native are concentrated.
Page 5 - Kacceri stands, a detached building not far from the bazaar, and about one-eighth of a mile from the Assistant Agent's house. Till lately the treasure used to be lodged in a little iron box that a few men could easily run away with, guarded by three native treasury watchers. There lay this sum of money, year after year, at the mercy of any six men who chose to run with it into the neighbouring jungle once in, detection was almost impossible and yet no one ever supposed the attempt would be...
Page 2 - ... passed. The object of this Ordinance is, by the restoration of communal self-government, to enable the inhabitants of every village to manage their own purely local affairs in respect of the execution and maintenance of village paths, ambalamas, etc., provision of education of children, for breeding of cattle, preservation of pasturage, and other common purposes, and also in respect of the decision of trifling civil actions and petty criminal complaints. Now, the destruction of the influence...
Page 5 - Serious assaults, robberies, murders, are all but unknown, and during three years I have not had to punish one native of the district for pilfering.
Page 3 - Sir JF Dickson commented on this community spirit of the villages in the North Central Dry Zone in his Administration Report for 1878: " The point in which this province [Nuvarakalaviya] specially differs from that of the rest of Ceylon is, that here the original village still remains of a pure and simple type, while in the rest of Ceylon it has generally disappeared under the influence of foreign government and the jurisdiction of the English courts. If these districts have been neglected, and the...

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