Stalinism and Nazism: History and Memory Compared

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Henry Rousso, Richard Joseph Golsan
U of Nebraska Press, 2004 - History - 324 pages
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In this volume Europe?s leading modern historians offer new insights into two totalitarian regimes of the twentieth century that have profoundly affected world history?Nazi Germany and the Stalinist Soviet Union. Until now historians have paid more attention¯to the similarities between these two regimes than to their differences. Stalinism and Nazism explores the difficult relationship between the history and memory of the traumas inflicted by Nazi and Soviet occupation in several Eastern European countries in the twentieth century. ¯ The first part of the volume explores the origins, nature, and organization of Hitler?s and Stalin?s dictatorial power, the manipulation of violence by the state systems, and the comparative power of the dictator?s personal will and the encompassing totalitarian system. The second part examines the legacies of the Nazi and Stalinist regimes in Eastern European countries that experienced both. Stalinism and Nazism features the latest critical perspectives on two of the most influential and deadly political regimes in modern history.
  

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Contents

The Legitimacy of an Empirical Comparison
1
Stalins System during the 1930s
29
Charisma and Radicalism in the Nazi Regime
56
Strategies of Violence in the Stalinist USSR
73
The Congenital Violence of Nazism
96
Forms of Autonomy in Socialist Society
111
The Prisms of Acceptance
142
The Comparative
157
Historians and the Political Stakes of the Past in Hungary
194
Managing the Past in Bulgaria
218
Francois PrisonRoche
242
Beyond History and Memory
283
Postscript on the Ideas ofTotalitarianism and
296
Index
307
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Henry Rousso is the author of The Haunting Past: History, Memory, and Justice in Contemporary France and The Vichy Syndrome: History and Memory in France since 1914. Richard J. Golsan is a professor of French at Texas A & M University. He is the author of Vichy?s Afterlife: History and Counterhistory in Postwar France and the editor of Fascism?s Return: Scandal, Revision, and Ideology since 1980, both published by the University of Nebraska Press.

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