Excavations at the Priory of the Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem, Clerkenwell, London
The Knights of St John, or the Knights Hospitaller, were one of the most famous Christian military orders. Their humble origins lay in helping early pilgrims at Jerusalem from the turn of the 12th century, but they developed into a true multi-national organization with headquarters in almost all European countries. The Priory of England was centered at Clerkenwell, London, where the surviving medieval crypt and Tudor gatehouse are well-known landmarks. Several large-scale excavations by the Museum of London in the 1980s and 90s have been combined with antiquarian surveys in this monograph to produce a remarkable picture of a priory. Founded in 1144, this highly unusual religious house evolved from a round-naved church and associated buildings into one of London's premier palatial residences. Unusually, the priory's buildings were retained after the Dissolution of the Hospitallers in 1540, becoming the residence of nobility and the location, for a while, of the Royal Master of the Revels. There was only ever one headquarters of the Knights Hospitaller in England: this book provides a fascinating blend of the history and archaeology of a unique site.
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Aspects of the medieval priory 4 4 1 Foundation
The pOStmedieval period 5 5 1 The dissolutions and the private mansions
6 1 The character of St John Clerkenwell
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16th century archaeological architectural architectural terracottas assemblage backfill brick Building 22 Caen stone cesspit chalk chamber chancel chapel church construction context Copper-alloy crypt CSTN decoration demolition deposits Documentary evidence dumps E.vi east EBORD ESUR excavated fabric Fincham floor fragments garden gatehouse Hospitallers included inner precinct KING land later LCOAR leased LOND London material medieval pottery medieval medieval/post-medieval pottery mortar moulding mullion Open Area 9 outer precinct period M6 period PI pit fill PMRE possibly post-medieval pottery postholes pottery CBW pottery medieval pottery preceptory priory probably redware Reigate stone rent roof round nave Rubbish pit sample Selected dating evidence SHER sherd count sherds side soil horizon St John Clerkenwell St John Street St John's Lane St Mary Clerkenwell St-Gilles structure study area suggests surviving Table tenement terracottas Thomas Docwra tile Turnmill vessels wall ware window zone