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adapted advantage animals applied artificial artificial selection attained Auguste Comte belief cause character civilization conation conception condition considered consists constitutes degree deliberative desire direct dynamic Dynamic Sociology effect effort empiricism error ethical evil exist experience fact faculty feeling forces genetic genetic phenomena greater happiness Herbert Spencer ical ideas important impulsive increase indirect method individual influence intel intellectual intelligence invention knowl knowledge labor latter laws less ligion maleficent mankind means ment mental mind mode moral natural laws nature necessary necessitarian object opinions organism original pain phenomena philosophy physical pleasure Popular Science Monthly possess practical present principle produce progress proposition question race rational regarded religion render respect result scientific scientific method secure sense sentiment Sir John Lubbock social society supposed supra tain teleological things thought tion true truth universe vidual wholly
Page 367 - That principle is a mere form of words without rational signification, unless one person's happiness, supposed equal in degree (with the proper allowance made for kind). is counted for exactly as much as another's. Those conditions being supplied, Bentham's dictum, "everybody to count for one, nobody for more than one.
Page 692 - Respecting worms as among the most useful portions of animate nature, Dr. Darwin relates, in this remarkable book, their structure and habits, the part they have played in the burial of ancient buildings and the denudation of the land, in the disintegration of rocks, the preparation of soil for the growth of plants, and in the natural history of the world."— Boston Advertiser.
Page 692 - He takes up the leading modern doctrines which are based upon this mechanical conception, such as the atomic constitution of matter, the kinetic theory of gases, the conservation of energy, the nebular hypothesis, and other views, to find how much stands upon solid empirical ground, and how much rests upon metaphysical speculation. Since the appearance of Dr. Draper's
Page 280 - The comparison of savage and civilized religions brings into view, by the side of deep-lying resemblance in their philosophy, a deep-lying contrast in their practical action. on human life. So far as savage religion can stand as representing natural religion, the popular idea that the moral government of the universe is an essential tenet of natural religion simply falls to the ground.
Page 290 - Life will be considered in the following chapters, but for the present purpose of investigating the theory of souls in general, it will be well to enter here upon one department of the subject. Men do not stop short at the persuasion that death releases the soul to a free and active existence, but they quite logically proceed to assist nature, by slaying men in order to liberate their souls for ghostly uses.
Page 303 - Theodosius the Great When this emperor permitted all the heathen temples in the Roman empire to be destroyed, the magnificent temple of Jupiter Serapis was not spared. A mob of fanatic Christians, led on by the Archbishop Theophilus, stormed and destroyed the temple, together, it is most likely, with the greater part of its literary treasures, in 391 AD It was at this time that the destruction of the Library was begun, and not at the taking of Alexandria by the Arabians, under the Calif Omar.
Page 410 - It may be looked at from the point of view both of the individual and of society.
Page 28 - Causality, according to the laws of nature, is not the only causality from which all the phenomena of the world can be deduced. In order to account for these phenomena it is necessary also to admit another causality, that of freedom.
Page 692 - Dr. Luys, at the head of the great French Insane Asylum, is one of the most eminent and successful investigators of cerebral science now living; and he has given unquestionably the clearest and most interesting brief account yet made of the structure and operations of the brain. We have been fascinated by this volume more than by any other treatise we have yet seen on the machinery of sensibility and thought ; and we have been instructed not only by much that is new, but by many sagacious practical...