In Search of Our Humanity: Neither Paradise Nor Hell
Russian philosopher Valery A. Kuvakin reviews the major principles of humanism as the starting point for an overall definition of humanity. Humanism, as definied by Kuvakin, is based on the scientific method, seeks objective knowledge, is anthropocentric, uses reason as its guiding principle, and extolls common sense based on scientifically verifiable knowledge without any restriction from tradition, customs, political systems, or religion.
Arrayed against these humanist values are the "pseudovalues" of the paranormal and irrational faith, and the "antivalues" of greed, corruption, addiction, violence, and environmental destruction. Avoiding both the heaven of our fantasies and the hell of our own making, humanism offers the 21st century the basis for establishing a just, free, and sane society.
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IN THE COSMOS OF THE HUMAN SPIRIT
PERSONALITY AND WORLD VIEW
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ability absolute activity aesthetic aggression antihumane antivalues atheist attitude beautiful become behavior believe biological character cognition common sense concept concrete consciousness creation cultural death dignity ecocide essence ethical euthanasia evil example existential express external feeling forms freedom freethinker freethought H. J. Blackham human existence human qualities human rights human values humanistic thinking humankind ical idea ideal important indifferentist individual inhumanity intellectual internal juridical kind knowledge Lev Shestov live manifestation mass media means metaphysical moral nature negative ness neutral Nikolai Berdyaev nothingness objective one's oneself ourselves paranormal Paul Kurtz perfection person person's inner world philosophical physical political positive possible practical principle priority psychological question rational realization reason relations relationship religion religious respect responsibility result Russian scientific secular secular humanism self-consciousness Shestov simply skepticism social society sphere stoicism substantial realities thought tion totalitarian transcendental transformation transubstantial truth understanding unique unknown Vladimir Solovyov words worldview