Microbiology of Composting
Heribert Insam, Nuntavun Riddech, Susanne Klammer
Springer Science & Business Media, May 14, 2002 - Nature - 632 pages
Composting is increasingly used as a recycling technology for organic wastes. Knowledge on the composition and activities of compost microbial communities has so far been based on traditional methods. New molecular and physiological tools now offer new insights into the "black box" of decaying material. An unforeseen diversity of microorganisms are involved in composting, opening up an enormous potential for future process and product improvements. In this book, the views of scientists, engineers and end-users on compost production, process optimisation, standardisation and product application are presented.
acetic acid Actinobacteria actinomycetes aeration aerobic ammonia analysis Appl Environ Microbiol Bacill/Clostrid bacteria Berlin Heidelberg 2002 bioaerosols biodegradation biological biomass biosolids biowaste C/N ratio carbon cellulose chemical compost bed compost samples composting material composting plant composting process concentrations culture decreased degradation denitrification detected effect environmental enzymes evaluated extract fatty acids feedstock fungal fungi heavy metals humic acids humification in-vessel compost increase incubated initial inoculated Insam Klammer Eds landfill Landfill Directive manure maturity measured mesophilic method microbial microbial activity microbial community Microbiology of Composting microorganisms mixture moisture nitrification nitrogen odour emissions organic matter organic waste oxygen parameters pathogens peak phase piles PLFA production Proteobacteria reactor recycling residues Riddech soil solid waste species strains substrate T-RFLP Table temperature thermophilic treatment TRFs values vermicompost windrow windrow compost