The Quest for Compromise: Peacemakers in Counter-Reformation Vienna
The Quest for Compromise is an interdisciplinary study of the imperial court in late sixteenth-century Vienna, and a detailed examination of a fascinating moment of religious moderation. Against a backdrop of rising religious and confessional dogmatism, the Emperor Maximilian II (1564–1576) assembled a remarkable cast of courtiers who resisted extremes of both Reformation and Counter-Reformation. This book investigates the rise and fall of an irenic movement through four individuals whose work at the imperial court reflected the ideals of religious compromise and moderation. An Italian artist (Jacopo Strada), a Silesian physician (Johannes Crato), a Dutch librarian (Hugo Blotius) and a German soldier (Lazarus von Schwendi) sought peace and accommodation through a wide range of cultural, intellectual and political activity.
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Archduke artistic Augsburg Austrian Habsburgs Austrian irenicism bishop Blotius Blotius’s Bohemian Breslau Brethren Calvinist Catholic Catholicism central Europe Charles Charles’s church collection compromise concerning confession confessional Counter-Reform Crato Denkschrift difﬁcult Dirk Jansen Duke Dutch Emperor Ferdinand Empire Empire’s estates ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁrst Frauenholz Gabriel Naudé German Geschichte Gindely Gruter Habsburg Habsburg court helped Hugo Blotius humanist Hungarian imperial court imperial library important inﬂuence irenic irenicists Jacopo Strada Jesuit Johannes Crato Kaiser Maximilians Lanzinner Lazarus von Schwendi Lazius’s letter librarian library’s Lipsius Liszti Low Countries Lutheran manuscript Matthias Matthias’s Maximilian II Maximilian’s court Melanchthon moderate Naudé Netherlands Neugebaude ofﬁcial Oratio Funebris peace Philip Philip Melanchthon policies political Prague princes Protestant reﬂected reform Reich reign religion religious Roman Rome Rudolf Rudolf II Schmalkaldic Schmalkaldic War scholars Schwendi signiﬁcant sixteenth century Spanish speciﬁc Strasburg Unitas Fratrum Utraquists Vienna Viennese Wien Wiener Wittenberg Wolfgang Lazius Wotton