Sengoidelc: Old Irish for Beginners
David Stifter's Sengoidelc (SHAN-goy-thelg) provides a comprehensive introduction to Old Irish grammar and metrics. As an introductory text to the Irish language spoken around the eighteenth century C.E., this essential volume, covering all aspects of the grammar in a clear and intuitive format, is ideally suited for use as a course book or as a guide for the independent learner. This handbook also will be an essential reference work for students of Indo-European philology and historical linguistics.
Stifter leads the novice through the idiosyncracies of the language, such as initial mutations and the double inflection of verbs. Filled with translation exercises based on selections from Old Irish texts, the book provides a practical introduction to the language and its rich history. Sengoidelc opens the door to the world of Old Irish literature, famous not only for the Tain Bo Cuailnge (The Cattle Raid of Cuailnge) and its lyrical nature poetry but also as a major source for the political and legal history of Ireland.
Stifter's book is an ideal tool for both the self-taught individual and the classroom environment. It will be of interest to beginning students of Old and Middle Irish, to scholars of Irish history, Celtic culture, and comparative linguistics, and to readers of Irish literature.
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3 3 Pronunciation rules 19 3 4 Sample texts with phonological analysis
7 3 The neuter article 51 7 4 The ostem adjectives 53 7 5 Exercise
preterite passive stem 235 47 4 The preterite passive inflection 237 47 5 The past passive participle
position of the augment
53 5 Exercise 274 53 6 The past subjunctive 274 53 7 Exercise 276 53 8 The sub
56 4 Suffixed pronouns 295 56 5 A consecutio temporum in Old Irish
1st pi 1st sg 2nd pi 2nd sg 3rd pi 3rd sg a-subj absolute accusative acht adjectives anlaut at.ta attested augmented basically caraid CCCG Chulainn compound verbs conjugated prepositions conjunct copula Cu Chulainn declension deponent verbs diphthongs donaib dond English example Exercise feminine g.sg genitive German Illustration infixed infixed pronouns inflection inna Insular Celtic Insular Celtic languages Irish orthography Irish Proto-Celtic lenited Lesson macc maith masculine means nasalization neuter nominative non-palatalized nouns o-stem Ogam ogus Old Irish Old Irish Prim orthography palatalized consonant particle person phonological plural prep pret preterite preverb Proto-Celtic prototonic reduplicated relative clause rhyme root final consonant root vowel s-subjunctive s)he sentence simple verbs singular SnaG stem final consonant stressed subjunctive substantive verb suffix syllable syncope thou transcription unlenited unstressed variant verbal form W1 verbs