Character Strengths and Virtues : A Handbook and Classification: A Handbook and Classification (Google eBook)

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Oxford University Press, Mar 11, 2004 - Reference - 816 pages
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"Character" has become a front-and-center topic in contemporary discourse, but this term does not have a fixed meaning. Character may be simply defined by what someone does not do, but a more active and thorough definition is necessary, one that addresses certain vital questions. Is character a singular characteristic of an individual, or is it composed of different aspects? Does character--however we define it--exist in degrees, or is it simply something one happens to have? How can character be developed? Can it be learned? Relatedly, can it be taught, and who might be the most effective teacher? What roles are played by family, schools, the media, religion, and the larger culture? This groundbreaking handbook of character strengths and virtues is the first progress report from a prestigious group of researchers who have undertaken the systematic classification and measurement of widely valued positive traits. They approach good character in terms of separate strengths-authenticity, persistence, kindness, gratitude, hope, humor, and so on-each of which exists in degrees. Character Strengths and Virtues classifies twenty-four specific strengths under six broad virtues that consistently emerge across history and culture: wisdom, courage, humanity, justice, temperance, and transcendence. Each strength is thoroughly examined in its own chapter, with special attention to its meaning, explanation, measurement, causes, correlates, consequences, and development across the life span, as well as to strategies for its deliberate cultivation. This book demands the attention of anyone interested in psychology and what it can teach about the good life.
  

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Contents

CONTRIBUTORS
SECTION IBACKGROUND
1 INTRODUCTION TOA MANUAL OF THE SANITIES
2 UNIVERSAL VIRTUES?LESSONS FROM HISTORY
3 PREVIOUS CLASSIFICATIONSOF CHARACTER STRENGTHS
SECTION IISTRENGTHS OF CHARACTER
STRENGTHS OF WISDOM AND KNOWLEDGE
Creativity Originality Ingenuity
STRENGTHS OF JUSTICE
Citizenship Social Responsibility Loyalty Teamwork
Fairness
Leadership
16 CITIZENSHIP
17 FAIRNESS
18 LEADERSHIP
STRENGTHS OF TEMPERANCE

Curiosity Interest NoveltySeeking Openness to Experience
OpenMindedness Judgment Critical Thinking
Love of Learning
Perspective Wisdom
4 CREATIVITY
5 CURIOSITY
6 OPENMINDEDNESS
7 LOVE OF LEARNING
8 PERSPECTIVE
STRENGTHS OF COURAGE
Bravery Valor
Persistence Perseverance Industriousness
Integrity Authenticity Honesty
Vitality Zest Enthusiasm Vigor Energy
9 BRAVERY
10 PERSISTENCE
11 INTEGRITY
12 VITALITY
STRENGTHS OF HUMANITY
Love
Kindness Generosity Nurturance Care Compassion Altruistic Love Niceness
Social Intelligence Emotional Intelligence Personal Intelligence
13 LOVE
14 KINDNESS
15 SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE
Forgiveness and Mercy
Humility and Modesty
Prudence
SelfRegulation SelfControl
19 FORGIVENESS AND MERCY
20 HUMILITY AND MODESTY
21 PRUDENCE
22 SELFREGULATION
STRENGTHS OF TRANSCENDENCE
Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence Awe Wonder Elevation
Gratitude
Hope Optimism FutureMindedness Future Orientation
Humor Playfulness
Spirituality Religiousness Faith Purpose
23 APPRECIATION OF BEAUTY AND EXCELLENCE
24 GRATITUDE
25 HOPE
26 HUMOR
27 SPIRITUALITY
SECTION IIICONCLUSIONS
28 ASSESSMENTAND APPLICATIONS
REFERENCES
INDEX OF NAMES
SUBJECT INDEX
Copyright

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