Pilot's Encyclopedia of Aeronautical Knowledge

Front Cover
Skyhorse Publishing Inc., 2007 - Transportation - 352 pages
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This handbook, created by the Federal Aviation Administration, is the official reference manual for pilots at all levels. It deals with all aspects of aeronautical information: aircraft structure, principles of aerodynamics, flight controls, aircraft systems, and flight instruments. Flight manuals and documentation are also covered, as is specialized information on such matters as weight and balance, aircraft performance, weather, navigation, airport operations, aeromedical factors, and decision-making while flying. Filled with hundreds of concise, colorful illustrations, charts, diagrams, and maps, this is an essential resource and tool for all students, experienced pilots, and aeronautics buffs.
  

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Contents

EMPENNAGE
3-1
LANDING GEAR
3-2
Chapter 2
3-3
ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE
3-4
MAGNUS EFFECT
3-5
AIRFOIL DESIGN
3-6
LOW PRESSURE ABOVE
3-7
Chapter 3
3-10
GROUND EFFECT
9-11
REGION OF REVERSED COMMAND
9-14
WATER ON THE RUNWAY AND DYNAMIC HYDROPLANING
9-16
TAKEOFF AND LANDING PERFORMANCE
9-17
LANDING PERFORMANCE
9-18
PERFORMANCE SPEEDS
9-19
PERFORMANCE CHARTS
9-20
DENSITY ALTITUDE CHARTS
9-21

THRUST
3-12
WEIGHT
3-14
LIFT
3-15
AXES OF AN AIRPLANE
3-16
MOMENTS AND MOMENT ARM
3-17
DYNAMIC STABILITY
3-18
LONGITUDINAL STABILITY PITCHING
3-20
LATERAL STABILITY ROLLING
3-23
VERTICAL STABILITY YAWING
3-24
FREE DIRECTIONAL OSCILLATIONS DUTCH ROLL
3-25
SPIRAL INSTABILITY
3-26
FORCES IN CLIMBS
3-27
FORCES IN DESCENTS
3-28
BASIC PROPELLER PRINCIPLES
3-29
TORQUE AND P FACTOR
3-32
GYROSCOPIC ACTION
3-33
LOAD FACTORS
3-34
LOAD FACTORS IN STEEP TURNS
3-35
LOAD FACTORS AND FLIGHT MANEUVERS
3-36
VG DIAGRAM
3-37
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
3-38
EFFECT OF WEIGHT ON AIRPLANE STRUCTURE
3-39
HIGHSPEED FLIGHT
3-40
SPEED RANGES
3-41
BOUNDARY LAYER
3-42
SWEEPBACK
3-43
MACH BUFFET BOUNDARIES
3-46
Chapter 4
3-48
AILERONS
3-49
DIFFERENTIAL AILERONS
3-50
ELEVATOR
3-51
TTAIL
3-52
CANARD
3-53
VTAIL
3-54
LEADING EDGE DEVICES
3-55
SPOILERS
3-56
BALANCE TABS
5-1
ADJUSTABLE STABILIZER
5-2
Chapter 5
5-3
PROPELLER
5-5
FIXEDPITCH PROPELLER
5-6
ADJUSTABLEPITCH PROPELLER
5-7
CARBURETOR SYSTEMS
5-8
CARBURETOR HEAT
5-9
CARBURETOR AIR TEMPERATURE GAUGE
5-10
SUPERCHARGERS
5-11
SYSTEM OPERATION
5-12
COMBUSTION
5-13
FUEL SYSTEMS
5-14
FUEL PUMPS
5-15
FUEL GAUGES
5-16
FUEL CONTAMINATION
5-17
STARTING SYSTEM
5-18
ENGINE COOLING SYSTEMS
5-20
EXHAUST SYSTEMS
5-21
HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS
5-24
TRICYCLE LANDING GEAR AIRPLANES
5-25
PRESSURIZED AIRPLANES
5-26
OXYGEN SYSTEMS
5-28
DILUTER DEMAND OXYGEN SYSTEMS
5-29
WINDSCREEN ICE CONTROL
5-34
TURBINE ENGINES
5-35
TYPES OF TURBINE ENGINES
5-36
TURBINE ENGINE INSTRUMENTS
5-37
TURBINE ENGINE OPERATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS
5-38
FLAMEOUT
5-39
Chapter 6
6-3
ALTIMETER
6-4
SETTING THE ALTIMETER
6-5
ALTIMETER OPERATION
6-6
AIRSPEED INDICATOR
6-7
AIRSPEED INDICATOR MARKINGS
6-8
OTHER AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS
6-9
BLOCKED STATIC SYSTEM
6-10
GYROSCOPIC FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
6-11
PRECESSION
6-12
TURN INDICATORS
6-13
TURNANDSLIP INDICATOR
6-14
THE ATTITUDE INDICATOR
6-15
HEADING INDICATOR
6-16
MAGNETIC COMPASS
6-18
COMPASS ERRORS
6-19
COMPASS DEVIATION
6-20
TURNING ERRORS
6-21
OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE GAUGE
6-22
Chapter 7
6-23
GENERAL SECTION 1
6-24
FLIGHT LIMITS
6-25
PERFORMANCE SECTION 5
6-26
SAFETY TIPS SECTION 10
6-27
AIRWORTHINESS CERTIFICATE
6-28
AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE
6-29
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
6-30
AIRCRAFT OWNEROPERATOR RESPONSIBILITIES
6-31
Chapter 8
6-32
EFFECTS OF ADVERSE BALANCE
6-33
TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
6-34
WEIGHT AND BALANCE RESTRICTIONS
6-36
TABLE METHOD
6-38
COMPUTATIONS WITH ZERO FUEL WEIGHT
6-40
WEIGHT SHIFTING
6-41
WEIGHT ADDITION OR REMOVAL
6-42
Chapter 9
6-44
PRESSURE ALTITUDE
9-2
EFFECTS OF PRESSURE ON DENSITY
9-4
EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON DENSITY
9-5
CLIMB PERFORMANCE
9-6
RANGE PERFORMANCE
9-9
TAKEOFF CHARTS
9-23
CLIMB AND CRUISE CHARTS
9-24
CROSSWIND AND HEADWIND COMPONENT CHART
9-30
LANDING CHARTS
9-32
STALL SPEED PERFORMANCE CHARTS
9-33
TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANE PERFORMANCE
9-34
RUNWAY REQUIREMENTS
9-35
CLIMB REQUIREMENTS
9-37
FIRST SEGMENT
9-38
AIR CARRIER OBSTACLE CLEARANCE REQUIREMENTS
9-39
PLANNING THE LANDING
9-40
EXAMPLES OF PERFORMANCE CHARTS
9-41
Chapter 10
9-63
OXYGEN AND THE HUMAN BODY
9-65
MEASUREMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE
9-66
EFFECT OF ALTITUDE ON ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE
9-68
EFFECT OF DIFFERENCES IN AIR DENSITY
9-69
WIND PATTERNS
9-70
CONVECTIVE CURRENTS
9-71
EFFECT OF OBSTRUCTIONS ON WIND
9-73
LOWLEVEL WIND SHEAR
9-74
WIND AND PRESSURE REPRESENTATION ON SURFACE WEATHER MAPS
9-76
ATMOSPHERIC STABILITY
9-77
INVERSION
9-78
METHODS BY WHICH AIR REACHES THE SATURATION POINT
9-79
CLOUDS
9-80
CEILING
9-82
AIR MASSES
9-83
FLIGHT TOWARD AN APPROACHING WARM FRONT
9-84
FASTMOVING COLD FRONT
9-85
WIND SHIFTS
9-86
Chapter 11
9-88
SERVICE OUTLETS
9-89
WEATHER BRIEFINGS
9-90
PILOT WEATHER REPORTS PIREPS
9-92
RADAR WEATHER REPORTS SD
9-93
AVIATION FORECASTS
9-94
AREA FORECASTS FA
9-95
INFLIGHT WEATHER ADVISORIES
9-96
SIGNIFICANT METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION SIGMET
9-97
WINDS AND TEMPERATURE ALOFT FORECAST FD
9-98
WEATHER DEPICTION CHART
9-100
RADAR SUMMARY CHART
9-101
SIGNIFICANT WEATHER PROGNOSTIC CHARTS
9-103
Chapter 12
9-107
NOTICES TO AIRMEN
9-109
OTHER MARKINGS
9-110
AIRPORT LIGHTING
9-112
APPROACH LIGHT SYSTEMS
9-113
RUNWAY EDGE LIGHTS
9-114
WIND DIRECTION INDICATORS
9-115
LOST COMMUNICATION PROCEDURES
9-116
AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICES
9-117
AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL RADAR BEACON SYSTEM
9-118
WAKE TURBULENCE
9-119
VORTEX AVOIDANCE PROCEDURES
9-120
Chapter 13
9-121
CLASS D AIRSPACE
9-123
OTHER AIRSPACE AREAS
9-124
Chapter 14
9-125
TIME ZONES
9-127
MEASUREMENT OF DIRECTION
9-128
DEVIATION
9-130
EFFECT OF WIND
9-131
BASIC CALCULATIONS
9-133
FLIGHT COMPUTERS
9-134
PILOTAGE
9-136
FLIGHT PLANNING
9-138
WEATHER CHECK
9-139
CHARTING THE COURSE
9-140
FILING A VFR FLIGHT PLAN
9-142
RADIO NAVIGATION
9-143
USING THE VOR
9-145
TIPS ON USING THE VOR
9-147
DISTANCE MEASURING EQUIPMENT
9-148
AUTOMATIC DIRECTION FINDER
9-149
LORANC NAVIGATION
9-151
GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM
9-152
LOST PROCEDURES
9-153
Chapter 15
9-154
STAGNANT HYPOXIA
9-155
MIDDLE EAR AND SINUS PROBLEMS
9-156
MOTION SICKNESS
9-157
CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING
9-158
ALCOHOL
9-159
VISION IN FLIGHT
9-160
NIGHT VISUAL ILLUSIONS
9-162
Chapter 16
9-163
ORIGINS OF ADM TRAINING
9-164
RISK MANAGEMENT
9-165
ASSESSING RISK
9-166
STRESS MANAGEMENT
9-167
USE OF RESOURCES
9-168
OBSTACLES TO MAINTAINING SITUATIONAL AWARENESS
9-169
Glossary
9-170
Index
9-187
B
9-188
D
9-189
E
9-190
G
9-191
L
9-192
O
9-193
R
9-194
T
9-195
U
9-196
Y
9-197
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