Studia archaeologica, Issue 156

Front Cover
L'ERMA di BRETSCHNEIDER, 2007 - History - 369 pages
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This is a study of the water-raising wheels of western Syria from the aspects of sources, terminology, typology, origin, history, technology and architecture, and gives a survey of these installations, discussing their present state of conservation. By making use of historical, architectural and iconographical material, the study shows that Syrian water-wheels constitutes a particular type of water-architecture, which successfully combines the functional with the aesthetic and displays sophisticated forms of construction. These devices are visually impressive, present a variety of shapes and are of great historical, environmental and iconographical importance, being of extraordinarily accurate and detailed design. An attempt is made to present evidence of their ancient origin, and to gain an understanding of how their design evolved over time, the reasons for their significance and uniqueness, and for their great concentration in Syria.
  

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Contents

ABSTRACT
9
RELEVANT AVAILABLE LITERATURE
16
CHAPTER THREE
19
CHAPTER
20
FORMATION AND EVOLUTION OF WATERWHEELS
37
SYRIAN WATERWHEELS IN HISTORICAL SOURCES
79
CHAPTER FOUR
93
TYPES OF INSTALLATION
109
PROGRESS CHANGE AND SUSTAINABILITY
263
MANAGEMENT OF IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
272
CHAPTER SEVEN
279
SUMMARIZING TABLES
307
CHAPTER EIGHT
313
DATING
319
BIBLIOGRAPHY
333
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
359

OBSERVATIONS
133
HYDRAULIC NORIA IN EAST SYRIA
230

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