Oil and Politics in the Gulf: Rulers and Merchants in Kuwait and Qatar

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Cambridge University Press, Jan 27, 1995 - History - 242 pages
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Why in recent years have the social and economic upheavals in Kuwait and Qatar been accompanied by a remarkable political continuity? In a region of revolution and coups, these particular monarchies have somehow survived. In her analysis of political change in the Gulf, Jill Crystal investigates this apparent anomaly by examining the impact of oil on the formation and destruction of political coalitions and state institutions. She also adds to our understanding of state formation by highlighting the ways in which states and rulers structure the relationship between those with money and those with power. This updated edition includes a discussion of the Gulf War and its aftermath.
  

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Contents

State formation and oil
1
Explaining regimes
2
The impact of oil
6
Political arrangements
9
Distributive policies
10
Centralization of power
11
Historys legacy Kuwait and Qatar before oil
15
The founding of Kuwait
18
Qatar
112
Economic and social structures
113
The transformation with oil
118
Britain and the bureaucracy
121
The ruling family
129
The merchants
133
Class formation and national identity
139
The pattern of rule after oil
145

The founding of Qatar
26
Conclusion
33
Kuwait on the eve of oil
36
Economic structures
37
Social stratification
39
Preoil politics and the merchant elite
41
The ruling family
43
The merchant opposition
44
The Majlis Movement of 1938
47
Conclusion
56
Kuwait after oil
62
Britain and the bureaucracy
66
The merchants
73
Distributive policies
78
Opposition
81
Independence state formation and coalition building
83
The National Assembly and the merchants decline
84
The merchants and the state
89
Jabirs accession and the ruling family
93
Administrative reform
94
Suq alManakh and the merchants
97
The Iranian revolution and domestic alliances
100
Conclusion
109
The ruling family and the merchants
147
Khalifas accession
155
Bureaucratic growth and bureaucratic control
158
The development of a civic myth
161
Oil and the regional environment
164
Conclusion
167
The Gulf War and its aftermath
171
The Iraqi occupation
174
The Gulf War
175
The postwar economy
176
Postwar politics
178
Qatar
183
Conclusion
185
Conclusion
187
Problems of control
188
Problems of loyalty
191
Rulers responses
192
Locating the argument
193
Locating the cases
201
Notes
206
Select bibliography
220
Index
234
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About the author (1995)

Crystal is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at Auburn University.

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