Management of shared groundwater resources: the Israeli-Palestinian case with an international perspective
Most of the world's freshwater resources in the liquid state (i.e. not in glaciers and polar caps) are underground. As the population grows and demand for water rises, reliance on groundwater increases. In many cases the groundwater underlies boundaries, or is part of a hydraulic system that crosses boundaries. In such cases there is always the danger that the 'prisoner's dilemma' will run its course and all parties will compete over who will pump the most water, ultimately destroying the storage potential to the detriment of future generations of all parties reliant on the groundwater. This book explores the options and means for averting this all too realistic scenario by managing these shared groundwater resources. Nowhere is the likelihood of excessive use of groundwater greater than in the water-scarce Middle East, and especially in the Israeli-Palestinian case. Here both sides are heavily reliant on a shared aquifer, the Mountain aquifer. This book is the outcome of a seven-year effort to find ways to manage the Mountain aquifer, perhaps the most important resource shared by Israelis and Palestinians. As part of this cooperative study, four workshops were held in which a selected number of Palestinian, Israeli, and foreign experts were invited. The chapters in this book were originally presented in one of these workshops. To these papers introductory and concluding chapters were added.
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The Management of Shared Aquifers
The Islamic Approach to the Environment and Sustainable
Overview of the Mountain Aquifer
22 other sections not shown
agency agreement agricultural Allah An-Najah National University aquifer management areas boundary conflict conservation cooperation costs customary international law decision Dellapenna demand management disputes districts Drainage Basins drought economic effective efficient environment environmental equitable utilization flow framework freshwater Gaza Strip ground water groundwater groundwater management hydrological impact implementation Int'l International Law Commission International Water irrigation Israel Israeli Israeli-Palestinian issues Jerusalem joint management Jordan Management of Shared MCM/yr measures Middle East models monitoring Mountain Aquifer negotiations options Palestinian water parties planning political pollution potential principles problems protection pumping recharge regime region requires reservation utilities riparian River rules sector shared aquifers sources strategy structure supra note supra note 68 Sura surface water sustainable transfer treaties wastewater water allocations Water Law water management water markets water quality water resources water resources management water rights water supply water users West Bank World Bank
Middle East Patterns: Places, Peoples, and Politics
Colbert C. Held
No preview available - 2006
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