Juvenal: Satires I, III, X

Front Cover
Niall Rudd, E. Courtney
Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, 1982 - Foreign Language Study - 91 pages
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This introduction to three of Juvenal's satires aims to
help intermediate high school or college readers understand the meaning
of Juvenal's Latin. Satire I is Juvenal's explanation of why he writes
poetry and satire. Satire III discusses why life in Rome has become
intolerable. Satire X concerns itself with explaining why most prayers
are misguided and, if answered, harmful.
  

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About the author (1982)

The 16 Satires (c.110--127) of Juvenal, which contain a vivid picture of contemporary Rome under the Empire, have seldom been equaled as biting diatribes. The satire was the only literary form that the Romans did not copy from the Greeks. Horace merely used it for humorous comment on human folly. Juvenal's invectives in powerful hexameters, exact and epigrammatic, were aimed at lax and luxurious society, tyranny (Domitian's), criminal excesses, and the immorality of women. Juvenal was so sparing of autobiographical detail that we know very little of his life. He was desperately poor at one time and may have been an important magistrate at another. His influence was great in the Middle Ages; in the seventeenth century he was well translated by Dryden, and in the eighteenth century he was paraphrased by Johnson in his London and The Vanity of Human Wishes. He inspired in Swift the same savage bitterness.

Niall Rudd is Professor Emeritus, Department of Latin, Bristol University.

Edward Courtney was formerly Gildersleeve Professor of Classics at the University of Virginia

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